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2018年02月26日 09:27:23    日报  参与评论()人

长沙星沙最专业男科医院长沙市中心医院治疗肛瘘肛裂多少钱长沙星沙看妇科好不好 TOKYO — Japan’s simultaneous embrace of nationalism and cosmopolitanism is generating ambiguous signals from its education policy makers. They are rewriting textbooks along what they call “patriotic” lines, alienating their Asian neighbors in the process. But at the same time, they are promoting Japanese universities as globalized and open, in a bid to compete internationally.东京——日本对民族主义和世界主义的同时采纳,是该国教育政策制定者发出的模棱两可的信号。在重新编写教科书时,他们遵循了所谓的“爱国”理念,从而在这一过程中疏远了他们的亚洲邻国。但与此同时,为了参与国际竞争,他们又在力促日本大学成为全球化的开放大学。“There is an obvious contradiction between Japan’s rightward shift on education policy and its strivings to internationalize,” said Thomas Berger, a professor at Boston University and an expert on Japanese politics.波士顿大学(Boston University)教授、研究日本政治的专家托马斯·伯杰(Thomas Berger)说,“日本在教育政策上的右倾和它在国际化方面所做的努力存在明显矛盾。”“Japanese textbook policy is increasing tensions with Asia, undermining the willingness of Japanese to study in neighboring countries and of foreigners to come to Japan,” Prof. Berger said. “Education policy is caught on the horns of a dilemma: On the one hand, there are powerful economic and political pressures that favor internationalization — yet, in reality, Japan has been moving in the opposite direction.”“日本的教科书政策正在加剧它与亚洲其他国家的紧张,打击了日本人去邻国学习以及外国人来日本的积极性,”伯杰说。“教育政策处在一种进退两难的境地:一方面存在持国际化的强大的经济和政治压力——不过,日本其实一直是在朝相反的方向前进。”Following a rare term out of office, Japan’s conservatives returned to power last year with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe at their head and an agenda to recast wartime history with a less apologetic tone. A more critical version of history, which casts Japan as an aggressor in World War II, has been replaced by material that is more “patriotic.”在极其少见地当了一次在野党后,去年,日本保守派重新当权,安倍晋三(Shinzo Abe)成为首相,并且推动了以较少的歉意来重修战争历史的议程。把日本塑造为二战侵略者的比较具有批判性的历史版本,已经被更“爱国”的内容所取代。Critics say the new government is trying to impose a rightist agenda on the nation’s schooling system. They point out, for example, that new state-sanctioned text books play down the death toll of the Nanjing massacre in China, which is now referred to as an “incident.”批评人士称,新政府正试图把一种右派议程强加给日本的学校系统。他们举出的例子包括,经国家批准的新教材淡化了中国南京大屠杀中的死亡人数,而南京大屠杀本身现在则被称为“事件”。There has been some resistance to the changes, but by and large, education boards across Japan are accepting them. One of the first boards to adopt the new textbooks was that of Yokohama, the country’s second-largest city.这些改动也遭到了一些抵抗,但总体来看,日本各地的教育委员会都在接纳它们。日本第二大城市横滨就是第一批采用新课本的城市之一。At the same time, a formidable drive is underway by the same conservatives to globalize Japan’s inward-looking education system. Mr. Abe has stated that he wants 10 Japanese institutions to rank among the world’s top 100 universities. Currently only two make the cut in prominent lists like that of Times Higher Education: the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University.与此同时,同一拨保守派正在采取强有力的行动,意图使日本着眼国内的教育系统实现全球化。安倍晋三表示,他希望日本能有10家教育机构进入世界大学前100强。目前,只有两家能登上《泰晤士高等教育》杂志(Times Higher Education)排名等著名榜单:东京大学(The University of Tokyo)和京都大学(Kyoto University)。The government’s plans include strengthening teaching staffs at universities by hiring foreign professors, initiating a certified evaluation system and expanding resources.政府的计划包括:通过聘请外国教授来加强大学的师资力量、建立一个认评价体系,以及拓展资源。There is also a move to improve bilateral relations with the very countries that the new textbooks have irked — the ed States, China and South Korea.政府还计划与被这批新教科书惹恼的国家——美国、中国和韩国——改善双边关系。Japan’s Asian neighbors fear that its new emphasis on patriotism will lead to nationalism and a teaching of history that obfuscates wartime atrocities. They also accuse Mr. Abe of reviving past militarism. Tokyo is “attempting to deny and even beautify” the country’s history of military aggression, a statement from China’s Foreign Ministry said this year.日本的亚洲邻国担心,它新近对爱国主义的强调将催生民族主义,并在进行历史教学时在战时暴行上混淆视听。他们还指责安倍晋三是在试图复兴过去的军国主义。中国外交部今年曾发表声明称,东京“企图否认甚至美化”日本的军国主义侵略历史。China and Japan — which are also facing off over territorial claims — both say that biased history textbooks and education are among the causes of a deep-grained hostility that threatens more than 50 years of peace between them.中国和日本——两国还存在领土争端——均表示,歪曲历史的教科书和教育是双方深刻敌意的源头之一,对两国之间50多年的和平局面造成了威胁。Even allies like the ed States are dismayed at the new textbooks, said Mindy Kotler, director of Asia Policy Point, an independent research center in Washington.华盛顿独立研究中心“亚洲政策源”(Asia Policy Point)的负责人明迪·科特勒(Mindy Kotler)说,就连美国等日本的盟友都对这批新教科书深感不安。“Disappointment stems from the realization that Japan’s leaders hold a retrograde, discredited and offensive view of not just history, but also of race, women, war, peace and reconciliation,” she said. “Simply put, the issue is whether or not Japanese decision makers are capable of sound judgment.”“之所以会失望,是因为我们意识到,日本领导人持有一种倒退的、不可信的且令人厌恶的态度,不仅是在对待历史的问题上,而且在对待民族、女性、战争、和平与和解方面也如此,”她说。“简而言之,问题是日本决策者是否能够做出明智的判断。”But the government says Japan has done enough to satisfy its neighbors’ sensitivities over Japanese aggression during the war years.不过,日本政府声称,它已经做了足够多的努力,来照顾邻国对其战时侵略行为的敏感情绪。The education minister, Hakubun Shimomura, denies that the government wants to enforce a particular view of history. He says Japan’s textbook examination is undertaken fairly and impartially, “based on expert and academic deliberations.” But he concedes he is looking for a more patriotic take on Japan.日本文部科学大臣下村文(Hakubun Shimomura)否认政府想强制推行特定的历史观。他说,日本教科书的审核过程是公平公正的,“建立在专家和学者的深思熟虑之上”。但他也承认,希望日本能采取一种更加爱国的角度来看待本国。“History has positive and negative aspects,” Mr. Shimomura said in an email. “We believe it is important to teach a balance of the good as well as the bad parts so that children can be proud of and have confidence in our country’s history.”“历史都有积极和消极面,”下村文在电子邮件中写道。“我们认为,教学内容应该平衡好和坏的方面,这样孩子们才会为我国的历史感到骄傲,而且拥有信心。” /201410/335293星沙女性不孕不育的主要原因

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星沙阳痿性欲低下原因The global turbulence triggered by China’s stock market crash should not obscure a greater truth: policy shifts in Beijing are positive for developed economies. Investors should look to buy US equities on the dip.中国股市暴跌引发了全球动荡,但这不应掩盖一个更重大的事实:中国的政策转变对发达经济体有好处。投资者应考虑逢低买入美国股票。The sharp structural slowdown in China, long predicted but wilfully ignored until now, is a catastrophe for exporters of natural resources and deflationary for most emerging markets, with the exception of Mexico and India. China and most other emerging economies are likely to see continued demand deflation in the next 12-18 months and further nominal currency depreciation. We believe the renminbi could fall another 5-10 per cent.中国经济出现大幅结构性放缓的可能性早在意料之中,但此前一直被有意忽视。这种放缓对自然资源出口国而言是一场大灾难,并给多数新兴市场(墨西哥和印度除外)带来通缩效应。中国及其他多数新兴经济体在未来12至18个月可能会看到持续的由需求方面引发的通缩,同时名义汇率将进一步贬值。我们认为,人民币可能会再贬值5%至10%。But this is ultimately good news for developed markets. Wasteful investment in China, now being wound down, has been depressing global returns for a decade. Tumbling commodity prices, by transferring income from producers to consumers, act as a tax cut for rich-country households. This is what is needed in a world lacking genuine consumer demand. These divergent trends fuse together in our “deflationary boom” outlook for the world. Our analysis suggests both the deflation and boom still have further to run, with investors likely to keep lurching between the positive and negative aspects of this pattern of growth.但对于发达市场而言,这归根结底是个好消息。10年来,中国的浪费性投资——现在这类投资逐步减少——一直在拉低全球回报率。大宗商品价格暴跌将收入从生产者向消费者转移,对于富国的家庭而言,这起到了减税的效果。这正是当前这个缺乏真正的消费者需求的世界所需要的。这些不同的趋势融合在一起,构成了我们所说的全球“通缩繁荣”(deflationary boom)前景。我们的分析显示,通缩和繁荣都尚无结束迹象,投资者可能会在这种增长模式的有利方面和不利方面之间摇摆不定。The global economy thus remains in a precarious position. Much will depend, of course, on the timing and the path of the Federal Reserve’s tightening. US domestic data still justify an initial rate rise in the next few months. But the biggest uncertainty surrounds China.因此,全球经济仍将处于不稳定状态。当然,这将在很大程度上取决于美联储(Fed)收紧货币政策的时间和路线。美国国内数据仍持在未来几个月开始加息。但最大的不确定性来自中国。Despite botched attempts to prop up share prices and a confusing mini-depreciation of the renminbi, the leadership in Beijing seems to be on the right policy route.尽管撑股价的救市努力显得笨拙,将人民币小幅贬值的政策也令人困惑,但中国领导人的政策路线似乎是正确的。But China’s resolve will not truly be tested until economic weakness finally sps to the labour market over the next 12-18 months. And even if Beijing sticks to reform, it could easily fail to pull off the transition from investment led to consumption powered growth. Investment is the most volatile component of output and in China accounts for a whopping 46 per cent of GDP, so the possibility of a self-fulfilling investment led collapse is real.然而,在经济疲弱最终在未来12至18个月蔓延至劳动力市场之前,中国的决心不会受到真正考验。即便中国坚持改革,也很容易无法实现经济增长模式从投资拉动型向消费拉动型的转变。投资是产出中最具波动性的组成部分,在中国,投资占国内生产总值(GDP)的比例高达46%,因此,具有自我实现效应的投资导致经济崩溃的可能性是真实存在的。A lot hinges, too, on how others respond to China’s slowdown. If Beijing sticks to the path of reform, it can pull its economy out of the doldrums after a few years of economic and financial distress. But it needs the rest of the world to accept the transformation it is attempting and what it entails. The US must welcome China into the global financial system and allow it to take its rightful place in global monetary institutions. Whether the renminbi is added to the currencies that make up the International Monetary Fund’s special drawing right unit will be a litmus test.这也在很大程度上取决于其他国家对中国经济放缓的回应。如果中国坚持改革道路,在经过几年的经济和金融困境后,中国有望让经济走出低迷。但这需要全球其他国家接受中国正在尝试的转型及其后果。美国必须欢迎中国进入全球金融体系,并允许中国在全球货币机构中占据合理地位。人民币是否被纳入国际货币基金组织(IMF)特别提款权的货币篮子,将是一块试金石。If it is rejected, Beijing may well redouble efforts to establish an alternative financial system centred on the renminbi, not the dollar. The US must also accept that China’s embrace of a greater role for market forces — a central aim of US international economic policy — will involve a stronger dollar.如果遭到否决,中国很有可能会加倍努力建立一个以人民币(而非美元)为中心的替代金融体系。美国还必须接受一点,中国朝着让市场力量发挥更大作用(这是美国国际经济政策的一个主要目标)的方向迈进将意味着美元走强。The key economy to watch in trying to assess the global response is Japan. “Abenomics”, the economic programme of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, is turning into a policy disaster. It has done little to stimulate domestic demand and the Bank of Japan will be under political pressure to launch yet another round of quantitative easing. This would open a new front in the currency war and make it difficult for China and the US not to respond. After China’s depreciation, Japan is the remaining piece of the puzzle that could surprise global markets. A full-blown currency war and the eventual protectionism it would spark is the main danger for the global economy and risk assets. At present, though, this is not our main scenario.在试图评估全球其他国家的回应时,一个需要关注的关键经济体是日本。日本首相安倍晋三(Shinzo Abe)提出的“安倍经济学”(Abenomics)振兴经济计划正变成一场政策灾难。它几乎无助于刺激内需,而日本央行(Bank of Japan)将面临政治压力,迫使其推出新一轮量化宽松政策。这将为货币战争开启一条新的前线,中国和美国很难不做出回应。在中国将人民币贬值后,日本是有可能让全球市场感到意外的另一个因素。全面货币战争及其将引发的保护主义是全球经济和风险资产面临的主要危险。不过,就目前来说,这并非我们的主要假设情景。Recent events have understandably dented confidence in China, but investors should not let their anxieties blind them to the bigger picture: important changes are under way. Beijing’s apparent determination to clean up past excesses and to liberalise and rebalance its economy is light at the end of the tunnel. As such, false alarms about the end of the US cycle and fears that the Fed is making a policy mistake should provide buyable dips in US equities.可想而知,最近的局势削弱了投资者对中国的信心,但投资者不应因为焦虑而看不到这个更重要的事实:中国正在进行重大的改革。显然,中国正试图整顿以往的过度现象,推进经济自由化和再平衡,这种决心是黑暗尽头的曙光。就此而言,有关美国周期结束的虚假警报以及美联储将犯下政策失误的担忧,应会制造一个趁低吸纳美国股票的机会。 /201509/397958 After graduating from New York University in 2013 with a degree in film and television, Dan Kim found himself in an entirely unexpected situation: a friend asked him to help shoot a music , an incredible opportunity at the time, and Kim had to turn him down. ;I was in film school, but I didn#39;t know anybody who could help,; he explains, referencing his then-nonexistent set of industry contacts. ;I thought it was insane that there was no space for people like me to share their ideas. People still use Craigslist!; The realization drove Kim to create Unique Board, a website where artists working in seven different categories – cinematography, fashion, design, music, art, dance/performance and technology/programming – can find each other for different projects. ;We#39;re digitizing the collaboration process, making it simple but effective by cutting off all the extra steps of networking,; Kim explains about the site, which has amassed over 200 members — many based in New York, many others international — since going live in February.丹·基姆(Dan Kim)2013年从纽约大学毕业,获得影视专业学位,却发现自己完全置身于意想不到的情况:一个朋友请他帮忙拍一部音乐录像,这在当时对于他来说是个非常好的机会,基姆却拒绝了。“我学的是电影,却不认识什么人可以帮忙,”他说,自己当时在这个圈子里没有什么熟人。“我觉得居然没有什么地方可以供我这样的人分享创意,真是荒谬。人们还在用Craigslist!”这种想法驱使基姆创立了Unique Board网站,电影、时尚、设计、音乐、艺术、舞蹈/表演和技术/编程这七个门类的艺术家们可以在这里寻找同伴,开展各种项目。“我们正在把合作过程数字化,减少多余的交往步骤,让它变得简洁有效,”基姆说。自从2月运行以来,它已经有了200多个用户,很多人来自纽约,也有很多来自海外。There are two kinds of users on the site: project leaders who need to staff up, and artists who need work. Both types create profiles explaining what they#39;re in the market for and, hopefully, find each other. It follows the age-old want ad formula, a simple and no-nonsense setup that has aly attracted the attention of people like Brian Meece, a co-founder of RocketHub, a global crowdfunding site, who recently became an advisor to the start-up. ;Dan#39;s Unique Board concept has huge potential to impact artists in a very positive way – both creatively and financially,; said Meece. ;By focusing on bringing professional opportunities to the creative class, Unique Board is positioning to become a leader in the ‘tech arts#39; space. The business could be massive in three to five years#39; time.;这个网站的用户分两种:需要工作人员的项目领导者,以及需要工作的艺术家。两种人都要在网上建立档案,解释自己在这个市场上的需求,理想的情况下,就能找到自己需要的人。它沿用传统的招募广告形式,是一个简单、没有废话的结构,吸引了不少人的目光,其中就包括国际众筹网站RocketHub的创始人之一布莱恩·米斯(Brian Meece),他最近成了这个新项目的顾问。“丹的Unique Board概念有巨大的潜力,可以在创作和经济方面对艺术家们产生非常积极的影响,”米斯说。“Unique Board注重为创意阶层提供职业机会,把自己定位为‘技术艺术#39;领域内的领袖。这种商务模式在三五年内就会兴盛起来。”Like the virtual dating platforms Match.com and Tinder, Unique Board also offers an offline place for members to meet organically: a series of parties called Unique Gatherings. Following on the heels of the first successful event in Manhattan at the end of February — designed by Paul Clay, who created the sets for the Broadway musical Rent and has staged events for the Museum of Modern Art and Anna Sui — the second is scheduled for May 22, around the same time that Kim expects to release the 1.5 version of the site. As the platform grows, Kim hopes to add social media and crowdfunding components to the mix. ;Artists have to survive and the current options are not practical,; he says. ;So many ideas are wasted. We need each other.;和Match.com及Tinder等在线约会平台一样,Unique Board也为成员提供真实的线下见面:一系列名为;Unique Gaterings;的派对。第一次活动由保罗·克雷(Paul Clay)设计,他曾为百老汇音乐剧《吉屋出租》(Rent)设计过布景,也曾为MoMA和安娜·苏(Anna Sui)设计过舞台。活动于二月底在曼哈顿举行,大获成功。第二次活动将在5月22日举行,基姆期望在同期推出网站的1.5版本。随着平台不断发展,基姆希望增加社交媒体和众筹功能,“艺术家必须生存,现在的选择都不够实际,”他说,“有那么多创意被浪费了,我们需要彼此。” /201409/328959星沙治疗阳痿早泻的方法星沙八医院男性医院效果

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