明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年12月11日 13:52:06
World AIDS Day is a hugely important moment—both here in Britain andaround the globe.It’s a moment to reflect on the progress made, but it’s also areminder of how much more we still have to do.In recent years, there have been huge advances in treating HIV. Andthat means that if diagnosed early enough and treated properly, someone withHIV can live as long as someone without it.But too often stigma and myth prevent that from happening. People aretoo afraid to go for tests and it isn’t caught early enough. It’s estimatedthat 20 per cent of the people in Britain living with HIV, don’t know that theyhave the condition.We’ve got to bring that number down and get people the treatmentthey need. We’ve got to keep on putting every effort possible into educationand awareness and what’s more we’ve got to fight discrimination against HIVeverywhere we see it.Today’s also a moment to remember our lasting commitment to thedeveloping world. The UK’s aly dedicated a billion pounds to the GlobalFund to fight AIDS, TB and malaria and in the years ahead we’ve got to showevery bit as much commitment abroad as we do at home.This is what World AIDS Day is all about -- renewing ourdetermination and saving lives.On this important day let us all pledge to fight HIV and AIDS witheverything we’ve got and make sure that we in this generation weren’t foundwanting.Thank you for listening.201501/353322To mess this complexity —to compare, if you will, simplicity of the telephone just wanted to work, wanted to be easy to use. But what many people forget is that the telephone was in being by Graham Bell in 1876, took 120 years to get to where we are today, and was largely one company or one company in each country that has responsibility for implementing this service and making the devices work together from your home or business all the way throughout the network. We got to move from the same point in networking to where the various devices high or low tech and the various applications have to be leveraged very tightly and seamlessly from a customers perspective where the networking really to explode and for us to open up the opportunities many companies represent in this room. To do that it requires a generation of partnerships. It is our view that those companies who dont understand how to partner, how to align, how to strategically a partner acquire, and do joint-venture would be left behind. And when you begin to think about the partnership that you are going to need that would be the network, but one side of the network would be the devices that you need, whether those devices, dated devices, , mast like the combination of those, PCs, telephones, etc. Network computers. And youve got to interface with those into the network and seen in the same way of customers perspective. Youre got to be able to get to the data ware where it is the network and you really dont care but you incorporate Internet in the World Wide Web in your suppliers of network. Youve got to be able to get there very quickly whether its on mainframes, mini-computers, PCs serves, or whatever on that side.更复杂的是——如果你将其和电话相比,你希望可以像打电话那样简单。但不要忘了电话由格雷厄姆·贝尔在1876年发明,至今已有120年了,才达到今天这种水平,并且在每个国家都有公司来负责电话务,并通过网络将你的家和公司接起来。我们从网络中的同一起点出发,使得各种高科技和低科技以及各种应用设备很紧密地连接在一起来满足用户对网络的要求。这种情况下,用户对网络的需求会大增,这给了今天出席会议的各公司提供了许多机会。为了实现这一目标,我们需要互相合作。从我们的角度看,不懂得如何合作、如何联合的公司、不懂合作伙伴的需求、不懂合作投资的公司必将落后。当你考虑你所需的合作者是什么样时,这个合作者其实就是网络,但网络的一端是你所需的设备,不论是什么样的设备,数据设备也好,视频设备也好,必须和电脑、电话线等连接起来。你必须通过接口把设备接入网络,当然,消费者也需要这么做。你得知道网络数据库在哪,虽然你并不关心,但你会把互联网接入到万维网中。不论是在主机、小型机上、个人电脑务器上、还是任何其他机器上,你都可以很快连接上。201408/323395

And I would argue, in the future, well have wearable devices in our clothes,monitoring ourselves 24/7.我要说,在将来,我们将有穿在衣里的装置,全天候检测我们的身体。And just like we have the OnStar system in cars,就像我们现在车里用的OnStar系统,your red light might go on-it wont say check engine though.你的红灯会亮起来-它虽然不会说检查发动机。Its going to be check your body light,and go in and get it taken care of.它将会是检查身体灯,亮起来就得小心。Probably in a few years, youll check into your mirror and its going to be diagnosing you.也许几年之后,你照镜子的时候它就会诊断你。For those of you with kiddos at home,how would you like to have the wireless diaper that supports your too much information, I think, than you might need.对于你们中在家带小孩的,你会觉得无线网络尿布会帮你大忙。我认为有比你需要的多得多的信息。But its going to be here.但是会是这里。Now weve heard a lot today about new technology and connection.现在我们已经听了太多技术和连接,And I think some of these technologies will enable us to be more connected with our patients,and take more time,and actually do the important human touch elements of medicine,as augmented by these sorts of technologies. 我认为一些技术将会使我们和病人联系得更好,节约更多的时间,实际上增进医学交流中重要的人与人之间的交互,这些技术都能增强这些交流。Now weve talked about augmenting the patient, to some degree.现在我们在某种程度上谈过了与患者的增进交流。How about augmenting the physician?那与医生的增进交流呢?Were now in the era of super-enabling the surgeon who can now go inside the body and do things with robotic surgery, which is here today,at a level that was not really possible even five years ago. 我们正处在超能医生时代,他们能进入身体内部用机器人做手术,如今成为现实,在过去这是不可能完成的。即使在5年前。Now this is being augmented with further layers of technology like augmented reality.现在这种技术被多重技术所增强,就像增强现实一样。So the surgeon can see inside the patient, through their lens,where the tumor is, where the blood vessels are. 医生能通过镜头看到患者身体内部,肿瘤在哪里,血管在哪里。This can be integrated with decisions support.这可以和决策持合并在一起。A surgeon in New York can be helping a surgeon in Amsterdam, for example.例如,纽约的一个医生能帮助阿姆斯特丹的另一个医生做手术。And were entering an era of really, truly scarless surgery called NOTES,where the robotic endoscope can come out the stomach and pull out that gallbladder all in a scarless way and robotically. 我们正处在一个叫做NOTES的真正无疤手术时代,机器人的内窥镜能穿过胃部切除胆囊,全程都是机器人化无疤方式。And this is called NOTES, and this is coming basically scarless surgery,as mediated by robotic surgery. 这就叫做NOTES,这就是基本无疤手术,通过机器人手术来实现。Now how about controlling other elements?现如今控制其他元素会怎么样呢?For those who have disabilities-the paraplegic,theres the era of brain-computer interface, or I,where chips have been put on the motor cortex of completely quadriplegic patients and they can control a curser or a wheelchair or, eventually, a robotic arm.对于残疾人-半身不遂,这是大脑-计算机交互时代,或者叫I,在大脑皮层运动区放置芯片对四肢瘫痪者,他们能够控制一个遥控器或者一个轮椅或者,最终,一个机器手臂。And these devices are getting smaller and going into more and more of these patients.这些装置变得越来越小,可以植入越来越多的患者体内。Still in clinical trials, but imagine when we can connect these,for example, to the amazing bionic limb,such as the DEKA Arm built by Dean Kamen and colleagues,which has 17 degrees of motion and freedom and can allow the person whos lost a limb to have much higher levels of dexterity or control than theyve had in the past. 虽然仍在临床实验阶段,但是设想当我们能连接这些技术,例如,令人惊叹的仿生学假肢,像迪安卡门和他的同事们所设计的DEKA手臂,它有17度的移动和灵活度,能够让失去一个肢体的人有更高水平的灵活和控制度,比起他们过去曾有过的手臂。So were really entering the era of wearable robotics actually.我们实际上真正进入了可穿用的机器人时代。If you havent lost a limb-youve had a stroke, for example,you can wear these augmented limbs.如果你没有失去一个肢体-比方说,你有过中风,你可以穿用这些假肢。Or if youre a paraplegic-like Ive visited the folks at Berkley Bionics,theyve developed eLEGS.或者如果你是一个半身不遂患者-像我拜访过的在伯克利仿生学实验室工作的同事们,他们发明了电子腿eLEGS。I took this last week. Heres a paraplegic patient actually walking by strapping on these exoskeletons.我上周拍了这段视频。这是一个半身不遂患者正在走路通过穿上这些盔甲。Hes otherwise completely wheelchair-bound.如果不穿这些盔甲他完全得依靠轮椅。And now this is the early era of wearable robotics.现在是可穿用机器人时代的早期。And I think by leveraging these sorts of technologies,were going to change the definition of disability to in some cases be superability, or super-enabling. 我认为通过采用这些技术,我们能够改变残疾的定义,在某些情况下成为超常或者超能。This is Aimee Mullins, who lost her lower limbs as a young child,and Hugh Herr, whos a professor at MIT who lost his limbs in a climbing accident.这是艾米马林斯,在小时候她失去了下肢,休贺尔,麻省理工的教授在一次攀岩事故中失去了肢体。And now both of these can climb better, move faster, swim differently with their prosthetics than us normal-abled persons.现在他们可以比我们正常人爬得更好,移动得更快,以不同的姿势游泳,通过修复手术。Now how about other exponentials?其他的指数技术怎么样呢?Clearly the obesity trend is exponentially going in the wrong direction,including with huge costs. 很明显肥胖趋势朝错误的方向指数发展,包括巨额出。But the trend in medicine actually is to get exponentially smaller.但是在医学上这种趋势正在指数减少。So a few examples: were now in the era of Fantastic Voyage,the iPill.有几个例子:我们现在处在奇异旅程时代,iPill。You can swallow this completely integrated device.你可以吞下这个完全集成的装置。It can take pictures of your GI system,help diagnose and treat as it moves through your GI tract.它能在你的消化道里拍照片,当它通过你的消化道的时候帮助你诊断和治疗。We get into even smaller micro-robots that will eventually autonomously move through your system again and be able to do things that surgeons cant do in a much less invasive manner.我们感兴趣更小的微型机器人将会最终自动通过你的消化系统能做到医生做不到的事情用一种痛苦少得多的方式。Sometimes these might self-assemble in your GI system and be augmented in that reality.有时这些装置也许可以在你的消化系统自行组装从而增强其使用价值。On the cardiac side, pacemakers are getting smaller and much easier to place so you dont need to train an interventional cardiologist to place them.对于心脏手术,起搏器正变得更容易放置,因此你不需要训练一个介入心脏医师去放置它们。And theyre going to be wirelessly telemetered again to your mobile devices so you can go places and be monitored remotely.它们将会被你的手机遥控,你可以去任何地方并远程遥控。These are shrinking even further.这些装置正在被变得更小。Heres one thats in prototyping by Medtronic thats smaller than a penny.这是一个Medtronic制作的样品,比一分硬币还小。Artificial retinas, the ability to put these arrays on the back of the eyeball and allow the blind to see.人工视网膜的功能是把光线集中在眼球后面从而让失明者恢复视力。Again, in early trials, but moving into the future.虽然仍在早期试验阶段,但是有很好的前景。These are going to be game changing.这些技术将会是革命性的。Or for those of us who are sighted,how about having the assisted-living contact lens? 对于我们中的那些视力有问题的人,有了这些辅助生活的隐形眼镜会怎样呢?BlueTooth, WiFi available-beams back images to your eye.用蓝牙,无线网络-投射图像到你的眼球上。201504/370137

  I want to spend just a moment talking about我想只花一点点时间来谈论the model that weve developed, which allows us to start at the top我们所发展而来的那个模型,那个允许我们从高处开始的模型and look at the drivers of sound, analyze the soundscape看一下那司机的声音,分析下声音的范围,and then predict the four outcomes Ive just talked about.然后预测一下我刚才所说的四种结果。Or start at the bottom,或者按下按钮,and say what outcomes do we want,并说说我们希望怎样的结果,and then design a soundscape to have a desired effect.然后设计一个产生效果的声音范围At last weve got some science we can apply.最终我们得到了我们可以应用的一些科学。And were in the business of designing soundscapes.我们在设计声音范围的一场生意中。Just a word on music. Music is the most powerful sound there is,关于音乐就说一句。音乐是最有威力的一种声音often inappropriately deployed.但它经常被错误地利用。Its powerful for two reasons. You recognize it fast,因为有两个原因使其强大。首先你很快认出了它and you associate it very powerfully.然后你展开了疯狂的联想。Ill give you two examples.我来给你两个例子Most of you recognize that immediately.你们中大多数的人马上就认出了这调The younger, maybe not.年轻人,也许没有认出吧And most of you associate that with something!大多数人会联系到什么吧!Now, those are one-second samples of music.现在,这些都是一秒的音乐的样品。Music is very powerful. And unfortunately音乐很强大。但是不幸的是its veneering commercial spaces, often inappropriately.音乐总是为一些用来装饰那些不适合的商业场合。I hope thats going to change over the next few years.我希望在未来几年有些变化Let me just talk about brands for a moment,让我们先谈论一会儿商标品牌,because some of you run brands. Every brand is out there因为你们中有些事经营品牌企业的。所有的品牌如今making sound right now.都要有自己的主题音乐。There are eight expressions of a brand in sound.在品牌声音中有8种表现方式。They are all important. And every brand needs to have guidelines at the center.他们都很重要。并且所有的品牌都需要把自己的准则放在中心地位。Im glad to say that is starting to happen now.我很高兴地表示现在这一切就要发生了。You all recognize that one. This is the你们都认得出那个声音。这个是most-played tune in the world today.如今世界上被播放最多的调子了。1.8 billion times a day, that tune is played.这个铃声每天被播放18亿次。And it cost Nokia absolutely nothing.并且对于诺基亚而言他们什么也没花什么钱。Just leave you with four golden rules, for those of you who run businesses,这就给你们这些经商的人留下了四条黄金法则,for commercial sound.关于商业音调。First, make it congruent,首先,有一致性,pointing in the same direction as your visual communication.和你们的视觉画面要达到相同方向的沟通效果That increases impact by over 1,100 percent.这大概能增加百分之1100的影响力。If your sound is pointing the opposite direction, incongruent,如果你那声音和画面不一致,指向相反方向,you reduce impact by 86 percent.你会减少百分之86的魅力Thats an order of magnitude, up or down.那是上下数量级的差别啊This is important.这非常重要Secondly, make it appropriate to the situation.其二 ,将其变得适合场景Thirdly, make it valuable. Give people something with the sound.第三,使其有用。给人们一些除了声音之外的东西Dont just bombard them with stuff.不要仅仅用声音来砌合事物And, finally, test and test it again.最后,反复反复的测试Sound is complex. There are many countervailing influences.声音很复杂。有许多抵消的作用。It can be a bit like a bowl of spaghetti:就如一大碗通心粉:sometimes you just have to eat it and see what happens.有时候你得吃了它才知道会发生什么。So I hope this talk has raised sound in your consciousness.所以我希望这个关于声音的演讲可以提升你的意识If youre listening consciously,如果你用心听,you can take control of the sound around you.你可以控制自己周围的声音Its good for your health. Its good for your productivity.这对你的身体有好处。这对你的效率也有好处。If we all do that we move to a state如果我们都那么做,我们就进入了that I like to think will be sound living in the world.一个在世上听上去存在的境界Im going to leave you with a little bit more birdsong.我会给你们留下更多的一些些鸟鸣之歌。I recommend at least five minutes a day, but there is no maximum dose.我推荐你们每天至少听5分钟,但是没有上限Thank you for lending me your ears today.谢谢你们今天借给了我你们的耳朵。201504/367731

  Sort of. Im going to explain briefly, how that happened 对吧 算是吧 我将简短的描述 我是如何飞黄腾达的 I want you to understand just how mysterious careers can be before you go out and have one yourself 我希望你们在走出校门追寻自己的事业前 能够明白事业发展本身是多么神秘 So I graduated from Princeton without having published a word of anything, anywhere 我从普林斯顿毕业的时候 从来没有在任何地方任何时间发表任何东西 I didnt write for the Prince or for anyone else 我没有为the Prince刊物 或任何人写过任何文章 But at Princeton, studying art history 然而在普林斯顿大学 作为艺术史系的学生 I felt the first twinge of literary ambition 我第一次有了在文学界施展抱负的冲动 It happened while working on my senior thesis 这是在我写毕业论文的时候发生的 My adviser was a really gifted man professor named William Childs 我的导师是个超有天分的人 William Childs教授 The thesis I wrote for him... I tried to explain how the Italian sculptor 我毕业论文的题目是 研究意大利雕塑家Donatello Donatello used Greek and Roman sources thats actually totally beside the point but Ive always wanted to tell someone 如何借鉴了希腊和罗马资源 其实这跟今天的题目半毛钱关系都没有 只是我一直喜欢让别人知道 God knows what Professor Childs actually thought of it but he helped me to become engrossed 神知道Childs教授是怎么看待这个题目的 但他却帮助我全心投入 Actually more than engrossed, totally obsessed 不只是全心投入 根本就是痴迷 When I handed it in I knew what I wanted to do for the rest of my life 当我交上论文的那刻我知道了 我这一生想要从事的事业 I want to write senior theses. Or, to put it differently, to write books 写高级论文 或者说 写书 Then I went to my thesis defense 然后我去了论文答辩 It was just a few yards from here, in McCormick Hall 地方离这不远 就在McCormick厅 I listened and waited for Professor Childs to say how well written my thesis was 我等待着希望听到Childs教授告诉我 我的论文写得多么好 He didnt. And so after about 45 minutes I finally said 但他没有 于是等了45分钟后 我终于问 So. What did you think of the writing? 那你怎么评价我的写作呢? Put it this way, he said. Never try to make a living at it 这么说吧 他说 千万不要靠这个谋生 And I didnt, not really 所以我放弃了 其实不是 I did what everyone does who has no idea what to do with themselves 我做了所有人不知道该做什么时做的那件事 I get out of the college and went to graduate school 去读研究生 201508/392721。

  So you see how transformative你已经看到了little bits of help can be.微薄的帮助如何带来巨变。But I want to give you a reality check.但我还要给你们看看事实。Look: U.S. aid, helping people is not easy,美国援助,助人不易。and there have been books that have criticized U.S. aid.有些书曾批评过美国援助。Theres Bill Easterlys book.比如Bill Easterly的书。Theres a book called ;Dead Aid.;书名为“死亡援助”。You know, the criticism is fair;这些批评很中肯。it isnt easy.这不容易。You know, people say how人们质问half of all water well projects, a year later, are failed.为何一年内,一半以上的水井项目都失败了。When I was in Zimbabwe,当我在津巴布韦时,we were touring a place with the village chief --一个村长带我们考察一个地方--he wanted to raise money for a secondary school --他希望筹钱建造一所高中--and there was some construction a few yards away,几步远的地方在建造些什么东西,and I said, ;Whats that?;我就问,“那是什么?”He sort of mumbled.他吾吾不回答。Turns out that its a failed irrigation project.结果那是一个失败的灌溉工程。A few yards away was a failed chicken coop.再几步远,是一个失败的鸡舍。One year, all the chickens died, and no one wanted to put the chickens in there.一年时间,所有的鸡都死了,再没有人愿意在那里养鸡。Its true, but we think that you dont through the baby out with the bathwater;这都是真实的,但我们认为这并非竹篮打水一场空;you actually improve.你实际上一直在进步。You learn from your mistakes, and you continuously improve.你从错误中学习,你一直在改进。We also think that individuals我们也认为个人有能力,can make a difference, and they should,也应该去做一些改变,because individuals, together,聚沙成塔,we can all help create a movement.我们一起就可以制造一场改变。And a movement of men and women一场男人和女人的改变,is whats needed to bring about social change,才能带来社会变革,change that will address去战胜这个this great moral challenge.艰巨的道德挑战。201510/403537

  Who do we got?我们得到了什么?Hi, um, okay, hi everybody.嗨,姆,好吧,嗨,各位。My name is Nereida.我的名字是呐瑞达。I just want to say first of all首先我只想说that dating is never boring under any circumstance.约会于我的情形并非无趣。But I am very excited to be here right now,但是我很兴奋现在在这儿,so I am just trying to remind myself that,于是我只是努力提醒自己you know, like, the purpose of being here and everything,你知道,像这样,来这儿的目的和每件事,I mean, trying to answer these questions, it is very exciting.我的意思是,尝试回答这些问题,很令人激动。But I also, I just need to acknowledge但我也是,我只是需要了解that TED is an incredible experience right now TED是现在一个难以置信的经验in the present, like, I just need to say, like,在现在,就像,我只需要说,就像Isabel Allende. Isabel Allende!伊莎贝拉艾兰得,伊莎贝拉艾兰得Okay, maybe it doesnt mean,好吧,也许它并不意味着,of course it means something to you,当然它对你来说有某种意义。but to me, its like, another level, okay?但对我,就像,另外一个水平的,行吗?Because Im Latina and I really appreciate the fact因为我是拉丁人而且我特别感谢这个事实that there are role models here that I can really,有一个角色模子在这里,我真的能够,I dont know, I just need to say that.我不知道,我只是需要那样说。Thats incredible to me, and sometimes when Im nervous and everything like that,对我来说难以置信,有时候,当我紧张的时候,每件事都像那样。I just need to, like, say some affirmations我只是需要,说一些断言that can help me.那会帮助我I usually just try to use, like, the three little words我常常试着去利用,就像着三个单词that always make me feel better:那总是能让我感觉好起来:Sotomayor, Sotomayor, Sotomayor. (Laughter)索托马约尔,索托马约尔,索托马约尔,(笑声)Just, it really helps me to get grounded.就是这样, 它真的帮助我落到地面。Now I can use Allende, Allende, Allende,现在我可以用艾兰得,艾兰得,艾兰得,and, you know, I just need to say it, like,并且,你知道,我只是需要说,就像这样。its so incredible to be here, and I knew that we were going to have these questions.来到这儿真是难以置信,而且我知道我们会有这些问题。I was so nervous and I was thinking just, like, oh my God, oh my God,想我很紧张我会那样想,就是像,欧,我的上帝,我的上帝,and reminding me, because Ive had, like, some very,提醒我,因为,我已经,像,一些很,especially since the last time we were here at TED,尤其是上次我们来到TED一样,it was, like, unbelievable,就像是,难以相信的,and then right after that, like,在那以后,就像so many crazy things happened, like,那么多疯狂的事情发生了,就像we ended up going to the White House to perform.我们最后来到白宫表演一样。That was, like, amazing,是那么,神奇。and Im standing there,而且,我站在这儿and I was just like, please dont say, ;Oh my God.;我只是就像这样,请不要说,“喔,我的上帝。”Dont say, ;Oh my God.;不用说,“喔,我的上帝。”And I just kept saying it: ;Oh my God. Oh my God.;我只是一直说:“喔,我的上帝,哦,我的上帝。”And, you know, I kept thinking to myself, like,然后,你知道,我一直想着我自己,就像President Obama has to come up here at the same podium,奥巴马总统来到这儿在同一个讲台,and Im standing here saying, ;Oh my God.;而我站在这里说,“喔,我的上帝。”Its like, the separation of church and state.就像是,“分离教堂和州府。Its just, I couldnt, like, I couldnt process.就像,我不能,像,我不能进行了,It was really too much.这实在太多了。So I think Ive lost my way.那么,我想我失去了我的方向。But what I wanted to say is that dating, for me,但是我想说约会,对我来说,you know, as far as Im concerned,你知道,我至今一直关心的,however you reproduce, as long as youre enjoying yourself无论你怎样生养,只要你一直感到享受and its with another consenting asexual -- I dont know.这是另外一个单性的认同-我不知道You know where Im going with that.你知道我会沿着那个走向那里Okay, ciao, gracias.好的,你好(西班牙语),格拉西亚斯小城。Okay, next question. (Applause)行吧,下一个问题。(鼓掌)201410/335622So let me turn now to our other systems business — PCs. HP has come from virtually nowhere to become a major player — No. 3 in the world, according to IDC at the end of FY 97. This growth has been fueled by product contributions. Last year, HP earned more than 50 awards for new products introduced in the PC arena. Weve been stressing the three major areas you see here. First, manageability. We believe that we can help customers reduce the total life cycle cost of PCs by about half. Notice I said life cycle costs, not just purchase price. We have developed a powerful management package called TopTools, and it allows IT administrators to gather 350 key items of information about the PC and to manage the PCs remotely. This information feeds into HP OpenViews Desktop Administrator to deliver the most comprehensive desktop-management solution on the market. HP PCs, NetServers and desktop management system were recently employed by the Government of China in a prototype project which hooks up the Sichuan Province Economic Information System to the National Information Center. Second, availability. We are working with Microsoft to deliver high availability on NT servers. We were the first in the industry to ship Microsoft Cluster Server, which provides shared storage between two computing nodes and automatically restarts an application on another node if one fails.接下来我要谈谈我们其他的系统业务,即PC机。事实上,惠普是从白手起家开始发展成为主要的生产厂商的。据国际数据中心1997年年底的财政统计,惠普已成为世界第三大PC生产厂家。产品的贡献进一步促进了这一发展。去年,惠普不断推出新型产品,为此荣获了 50余项大奖。我们一直在如下三个方面不断努力的:第一,可操作性。我们认为可以帮助客户将PC机的总生存周期成本降低50%。请注意,我指的是总生存周期成本,而不仅仅是售价。我们开发出了功能强大的管理套件,叫TopTools。它可使IT管理人员收集350项有关PC机的信息,并可远程管理PC机。这一信息供给惠普OpenView的台式管理器,将最具综合性的台式管理解决方案推向市场。最近,中国政府在示范性工程中使用了惠普的PC 机,NetServer以及台式管理系统, 该项目旨在将四川省经济信息系统与国家倌息中心连接起来。第二,可用性。我们与微软公司合作提高NT务器的可用性。我们在业内率先经销微软的群集务器,该务器可为两个计算节点提供共享存储器。如一个节点出现故障,务器可重新启动另一个节点的应用程序。201410/336184

  It is such an honor and pleasure for me to be back at Yale, especially on the occasion of the 300th anniversary. I have had so many memories of my time here, and as Nick was speaking I thought about how I ended up at Yale Law School. And it tells a little bit about how much progress weve made.再回耶鲁,特别是在耶鲁大学300周年纪念日再回到这里,我感到非常高兴非常荣幸!耶鲁大学给我留下了许多美好的回忆,尼克发言时,我想起了当年从耶鲁法学院毕业时的情景。这让我感受到了耶鲁大学所取得的巨大进步。What I think most about when I think of Yale is not just the politically charged atmosphere and not even just the superb legal education that I received. It was at Yale that I began work that has been at the core of what I have cared about ever since. I began working with New Haven legal services representing children. And I studied child development, abuse and neglect at the Yale New Haven Hospital and the Child Study Center. I was lucky enough to receive a civil rights internship with Marian Wright Edelman at the Childrens Defense Fund, where I went to work after I graduated. Those experiences fueled in me a passion to work for the benefit of children, particularly the most vulnerable.每当想起耶鲁时,我感触最深的不是这里浓郁的政治氛围,也不是我所接受的顶级的法律教育。正是在耶鲁,我开始做一些事情,这些事情从那时到现在都是我关心的核心。正是在耶鲁,我开始在纽黑文儿童法律机构工作。我还在耶鲁纽黑文医院和儿童研究中心研究儿童身心发展以及辱骂和忽视儿童的行为。之后,我很幸运地与玛丽安·莱特·埃德尔一起获得了在儿童保护基金委员会的民权实习机会,并在毕业后去了那里工作。所有这些经历激发了我为保护儿童权益而努力的,特别是保护那些最脆弱的儿童。Now, looking back, there is no way that I could have predicted what path my life would have taken. I didnt sit around the law school, saying, well, you know, I think Ill graduate and then Ill go to work at the Childrens Defense Fund, and then the impeachment inquiry, and Nixon retired or resigns, Ill go to Arkansas. I didnt think like that. I was taking each day at a time.现在回想起来,当时我并不知道自己会走上什么样的人生道路。我没有坐在法学院里说:“嗯,你知道,我想我毕业后要去儿童保护基金委员会工作,然后会遭到弹劾并接受调查,当尼克松退休或辞职后我会去阿肯色州。”事实上,我从未这样想过,只是顺其自然地过着每一天。 /201301/218718Google had no business units Google就没有业务部so what was there to generally manage? 那要我去总管什么呢?And the job was several levels lower 何况那职位than jobs I was being offered at other companies 比我在其他公司得到的offers都要低好几级So I sat down with Eric Schmidt 后来我和当时刚刚上任的CEOwho had just become the CEO 艾里克·施密特见了面and I showed him the spsheet and I said 我给他看了我的列表 我说this job meets none of my criteria 这份工作完全不合我的选择标准He put his hand on my spsheet and he looked at me and said 他用手按住我的表格 看着我说Dont be an idiot 不要犯傻Excellent career advice 极佳的职业忠告And then he said, Get on a rocket ship 然后他说 重要的是坐上火箭When companies are growing quickly and having a lot of impact 当公司在飞速发展而产生很大影响力时careers take care of themselves 事业自然也会突飞猛进And when companies arent growing quickly 当公司发展较慢时or their missions dont matter as much 或者公司前景一般时thats when stagnation and politics come in 停滞和办公室政治就会出现If youre offered a seat on a rocket ship 如果你得到了坐上火箭的机会dont ask what seat. Just get on 别管是什么位置 上去就行About six and one-half years later 大概六年半之后when I was leaving Google 当我要离开Google的时候I took that advice to heart 我记住了这句忠告I was offered CEO jobs at a bunch of companies 当时好几家公司请我去做CEObut I went to Facebook as COO 但是我去了Facebook做COO(首席运营官)At the time people said 那时有人问你why are you going to work for a 23-year-old? 为什么要去给一个23岁的年轻人打工?The traditional metaphor for careers is a ladder 职业发展通常会被比作爬阶梯but I no longer think that metaphor holds 但我认为这个比喻不再恰当了It just doesnt make sense 在越来越扁平的世界里in a less hierarchical world 这种说法是没有意义的When I was first at Facebook 我刚到Facebook的时候a woman named Lori Goler, a 1997 graduate of HBS 97届HBS的校友Lori Golerwas working in marketing at eBay 还在eBay做市场营销and I knew her kind of socially 我和认识了她 并且知道她善于交际She called me and she said 她打电话给我说I want to think about you know talk with you 我想和你谈谈about coming to work with you at Facebook 到Facebook和你一起工作的事So I thought about calling you 我想到给你打电话and telling you all the things Im good at and all the things I like to do 和你说我有哪些特长以及我想做的事情But I figured that everyone is doing that 但我知道所有人都会这样说201511/409493

  A plan involves answering这个计划是能包含了回应的straightforward questions about the end you want.直接了当关于你想如何结束的问题Where do you want to be when youre no longer independent?如果你不能再独立,你希望自己在哪里?What do you want in terms of medical intervention?你希望医疗保护的干预么?And whos going to make sure your plan is followed?谁能让你的计划继续紧接着进行You will need advocates.你需要顾问Having more than one increases your chance拥有多个顾问增加了of getting the end you want.你获得想要的结果的可能性Dont assume the natural choice is your spouse or child.不要断然的说你的配偶和孩子是你最合适的选择You want someone who has the time and proximity你需要的是一个有时间和亲近感的人to do this job well, and you want someone如果你需要顺利的进行,你需要这样的人who can work with people under the pressure那些可以与有压力的人一起工作的人of an ever-changing situation.有着变化莫测的可能性Hospital iness is critical.医院随时准备就绪很重要You are likely to be headed to the emergency room,你可能随时被带入急救室and you want to get this right.而你也希望准确无误的做到这一点Prepare a one-page summary of your medical history,所以,准备一页你的医疗病史medications and physician information.药物治疗,和医生信息Put this in a really bright envelope把这些放在一个很明显的信封里with copies of your insurance cards, your power of attorney,并一同放入你的保险卡,和委托书and your do-not-resuscitate order.与你不想要恢复的命令Have advocates keep a set in their car.把这些留一份给你的顾问Tape a set to your refrigerator.并把录像放入冰箱里When you show up in the E.R. with this packet,当你出现在急诊室,带着这样的包裹your admission is streamlined in a material way.你把许可用合法的文件合理化Youre going to need caregivers.你将需要看护人Youll need to assess your personality and financial situation你需要评估你的人格和财政状况to determine whether an elder care community去决定你是否需要养老社区or staying at home is your best choice.或者呆在家里,是你最好的选择In either case, do not settle.不管哪种情况,都不要定下来We went through a number of not-quite-right caregivers我们看到过一些不太称职的看护before we found the perfect team在我们找到最好的团队之前led by Marsha,以Marcia领导的团队who wont let you win at bingo just because youre dying我们不会因为你将死去就敷衍了事but will go out and take s of your ranch for you我们会将你所拥有的录成视频when you cant get out there,当你如果不能离开疗养院and Caitlin, who wont let you skip your morning exercises而Caitlin不过让你省略每天的晨练but knows when you need to hear但是知道什么时候你想听到that your wife is in good hands.你的妻子被照顾得很好Finally, last words.最后,遗言What do you want to hear at the very end,在生命的最后,你想听到什么and from whom would you like to hear it?想听谁说这些In my experience, youll want to hear从我的经验来说,你想听到的that whatever youre worried about is going to be fine.是那些你担心的事情,都会好起来When you believe its okay to let go, you will.当你真正的相信了,你就放下了,你会的So, this is a topic that normally inspires fear and denial.所以,这是一个关于鼓励恐惧与否定的话题What Ive learned我学到的是is if we put some time into planning our end of life,如果我们有计划的规划人生的最后we have the best chance of maintaining our quality of life.我们会有最大的可能去维护我们生活的质量Here are Jim and Shirley just after deciding这是Jim和 Shirley,当他们决定了之后who would take care of their ranch.谁会照看他们的牧场Heres Jim just a few weeks before he died,这是Jim死之前的几个星期celebrating a birthday he didnt expect to see.意外的收获到了一个庆生会And heres Shirley just a few days before she died这是Shirley,她离去前的几天being an article in that days paper看到自己上了报纸about the significance of the wildlife refuge关于野生动植物避难所的重要性at the Modini ranch.在Modini牧场Jim and Shirley had a good end of life, Jim和 Shirley有了很好的结束and by sharing their story with you,在这里分享着他们的故事I hope to increase our chances of doing the same.我希望能大家也能有同样美满的结点Thank you.谢谢201507/389190




  Thank you, Headmaster. It is such a treat to be back here at St Andrew’s. I absolutely loved my time here; they were some of my happiest years, which makes it so incredibly special to be here today. In fact, I enjoyed it so much that when I had to leave, I told my mother that I was going to come back to be a teacher. While that didn’t quite happen, I was thrilled to have been asked back today on St. Andrew’s Day. It was while I was here at school that I realised my love of sport. Sport has been a huge part of my life, and I feel incredibly grateful for the opportunities I had to get outside and play in such wonderful open spaces – though sadly there was nothing quite as glamorous as this in my time! I hope that you all enjoy playing sport here as much as I used to, and make the most of these incredible facilities. It gives me great pleasure to declare this Astro officially open.201504/371735

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