时间:2018年02月26日 09:25:01

By Doreen BainganaBroadcast: December 19, 2004(THEME)VOICE ONE:I’m Shirley Griffith.VOICE TWO:And I’m Sarah Long with the VOA Special English Program, People in America. Today, we tell about one of the leaders of the birth control movement, Margaret Sanger.(THEME)VOICE ONE:Many women today have the freedom to decide when they will have children, if they want them. Until about fifty years ago, women spent most of their adult lives having children, year after year. This changed because of efforts by activists like Margaret Sanger. She believed that a safe and sure method of preventing pregnancy was a necessary condition for women’s freedom. She also believed birth control was necessary for human progress. VOICE TWO:The woman who changed other women’s lives was born in Eighteen-Eighty-Three in the eastern state of New York. Her parents were Michael and Anne Higgins. Margaret wrote several books about her life. She wrote that her father taught her to question everything. She said he taught her to be an independent thinker.Margaret said that watching her mother suffer from having too many children made her feel strongly about birth control. Her mother died at forty-eight years of age after eighteen pregnancies. She was always tired and sick. Margaret had to care for her mother and her ten surviving brothers and sisters. This experience led her to become a nurse.Margaret Higgins worked in the poor areas of New York City. Most people there had recently arrived in the ed States from Europe. Margaret saw the suffering of hundreds of women who tried to end their pregnancies in illegal and harmful ways. She realized that this was not just a health problem. These women suffered because of their low position in society. Margaret saw that not having control over one’s body led to problems that were passed on from mother to daughter and through the family for years. She said she became tired of cures that did not solve the real problem. Instead, she wanted to change the whole life of a mother.(MUSIC)VOICE ONE:In Nineteen-Oh-Two, Margaret married William Sanger. They had three children. Margaret compared her own middle-class life to that of the poor people she worked among. This increased her desire to deal with economic and social issues. At this time, Margaret Sanger became involved in the liberal political culture of an area of New York City known as Greenwich Village. Sanger became a labor union organizer. She learned methods of protest and propaganda, which she used in her birth control activism.Sanger traveled to Paris, France, in Nineteen-Thirteen, to research European methods of birth control. She also met with members of Socialist political groups who influenced her birth control policies. She returned to the ed States prepared to change women’s lives.VOICE TWO:At first, Margaret Sanger sought the support of leaders of the women’s movement, members of the Socialist party, and the medical profession. But, she wrote that they told her to wait until women were permitted to vote. She decided to continue working alone.One of Margaret Sanger’s first important political acts was to publish a monthly newspaper called The Woman Rebel. She designed it. She wrote for it. And she paid for it. The newspaper called for women to reject the traditional woman’s position. The first copy was published in March, Nineteen-Fourteen. The Woman Rebel was an angry paper that discussed disputed and sometimes illegal subjects. These included labor problems, marriage, the sex business, and revolution. Sanger had an immediate goal. She wanted to change laws that prevented birth control education and sending birth control devices through the mail.VOICE ONE:The Woman Rebel became well-known in New York and elsewhere. Laws at that time banned the mailing of materials considered morally bad. This included any form of birth control information. The law was known as the Comstock Act. Officials ordered Sanger to stop sending out her newspaper.Sanger instead wrote another birth control document called Family Limitation. The document included detailed descriptions of birth control methods. In August, Nineteen-Fourteen, Margaret Sanger was charged with violating the Comstock Act.Margaret faced a prison sentence of as many as forty-five years if found guilty. She fled to Europe to escape the trial. She asked friends to release thousands of copies of Family Limitation. The document quickly sp among women across the ed States. It started a public debate about birth control. The charges against Sanger also increased public interest in her and in women’s issues. Article/200802/28035

As Mrs. Gardiner began to wish to be at home, it was settled that she and the children should go to London, at the same time that Mr. Bennet came from it. The coach, therefore, took them the first stage of their journey, and brought its master back to Longbourn.嘉丁纳太太也开始想要回家了,决定在班纳特先生动身回浪搏恩的那一天,她就带着孩子们回伦敦去。动身的那天可以由这里打发一部马车把她送到第一站,然后趁便接主人回来。Mrs. Gardiner went away in all the perplexity about Elizabeth and her Derbyshire friend that had attended her from that part of the world. His name had never been voluntarily mentioned before them by her niece; and the kind of half-expectation which Mrs. Gardiner had formed, of their being followed by a letter from him, had ended in nothing. Elizabeth had received none since her return that could come from Pemberley.嘉丁纳太太走了以后,对伊丽莎白和德比郡她那位朋友的事,还是糊里糊涂,从当初在德比郡的时候起,就一直弄不明白。外甥女儿从来没有主动在舅父母面前提起过他的名字。她本以为回来以后,那位先生就会有信来,可是结果并没有。伊丽莎白一直没收到过从彭伯里寄来的信。The present unhappy state of the family rendered any other excuse for the lowness of her spirits unnecessary; nothing, therefore, could be fairly conjectured from THAT, though Elizabeth, who was by this time tolerably well acquainted with her own feelings, was perfectly aware that, had she known nothing of Darcy, she could have borne the d of Lydia#39;s infamy somewhat better. It would have spared her, she thought, one sleepless night out of two.她看到外甥女儿情绪消沉;可是,家里既然出了这种不幸的事情,自然难免如此,不必把这种现象牵扯到别的原因上面去。因此她还是摸不着一点边际。只有伊丽莎白自己明白自己的心思,她想,要是不认识达西,那么丽迪雅这件丢脸的事也许会叫她多少好受些,也许可以使她减少几个失眠之夜。When Mr. Bennet arrived, he had all the appearance of his usual philosophic composure. He said as little as he had ever been in the habit of saying; made no mention of the business that had taken him away, and it was some time before his daughters had courage to speak of it.班纳特先生回到家里,仍然是那一副乐天安命的样子。他还是象平常一样不多说话,根本不提起他这次外出是为了什么事情,女儿们也过了好久才敢提起。 Article/201204/179908

Back in 1994, I was seriously dating a guy who was of Cherokee descent. We rented a little cottage on a river up in northern California, near Bodega Bay. It was a rustic little place, on stilts, with a balcony that wrapped around it. The interior was filled with antiques and was very charming. There were lots of old mirrors in the place of every shape and size. Anyway, we were really delighted with the place, as it had a lot of charm and a nice fireplace and full kitchen. I felt a little strange and creepy, but shrugged it off. Article/200905/69936

After a few seconds I started feeling this cold chill. That feeling was very uncomfortable for me, so I turned around and turned my flashlight on, but I could not see anything that was out of the ordinary. I really didn't like the feeling so I started walking fast towards the doorway. When I was about to turn left at the end of the hallway the chill disappeared and I stopped. I thought that it was just my mind playing tricks on me.  While I was standing there in the dark observing the hallway for a few seconds this cold chill started coming over me again and the hairs on the back of my neck all stood up, it was like someone was in the hallway with me, but I could not see anyone. I turned around quickly and left the building in a hurry and jumped in the car and locked the doors. I was so scared that I was white in the face.   The next night I was working was on Saturday. At about 3.00 am I arrived at the cemetery that had freaked me out three days earlier. I parked outside the building that I was supposed to enter. I went out of the car and approached the door. I turned right and went down the hallway towards the office. I was so scared, but I was on a mission, just get to the device and then get the hell out of there. I draw my card and turned around and started walking back up the hallway. Article/200902/62262

她的毫不反对,于是钢琴便打开了。达西想了一下,觉得这样也不错。他开始感觉到对伊丽莎白似乎已经过分亲近了一些。 ;Nothing so easy, if you have but the inclination, ; said Elizabeth. ;We can all plague and punish one another. Tease him--laugh at him. Intimate as you are, you must know how it is to be done. ;;But upon my honour, I do NOT. I do assure you that my intimacy has not yet taught me THAT. Tease calmness of manner and presence of mind! No, no--feel he may defy us there. And as to laughter, we will not expose ourselves, if you please, by attempting to laugh without a subject. Mr. Darcy may hug himself. ;;Mr. Darcy is not to be laughed at!; cried Elizabeth. ;That is an uncommon advantage, and uncommon I hope it will continue, for it would be a great loss to ME to have many such acquaintances. I dearly love a laugh. ;;Miss Bingley, ; said he, ;has given me more credit than can be. The wisest and the best of men--nay, the wisest and best of their actions--may be rendered ridiculous by a person whose first object in life is a joke. ;;Certainly, ; replied Elizabeth--;there are such people, but I hope I am not one of THEM. I hope I never ridicule what is wise and good.Follies and nonsense, whims and inconsistencies, DO divert me, I own, and I laugh at them whenever I can. But these, I suppose, are precisely what you are without. ;;Perhaps that is not possible for anyone. But it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses which often expose a strong understanding to ridicule. ;;Such as vanity and pride. ;;Yes, vanity is a weakness indeed. But pride--where there is a real superiority of mind, pride will be always under good regulation. ;Elizabeth turned away to hide a smile.;Your examination of Mr. Darcy is over, I presume, ; said Miss Bingley; ;and pray what is the result?;;I am perfectly convinced by it that Mr. Darcy has no defect. He owns it himself without disguise. ;;No, ; said Darcy, ;I have made no such pretension. I have faults enough, but they are not, I hope, of understanding. My temper I dare not vouch for. It is, I believe, too little yielding--certainly too little for the convenience of the world. I cannot forget the follies and vices of other so soon as I ought, nor their offenses against myself. My feelings are not puffed about with every attempt to move them. My temper would perhaps be called resentful. My good opinion once lost, is lost forever. ;;THAT is a failing indeed!; cried Elizabeth. ;Implacable resentment IS a shade in a character. But you have chosen your fault well. I really cannot LAUGH at it. You are safe from me. ;;There is, I believe, in every disposition a tendency to some particular evil--a natural defect, which not even the best education can overcome. ;;And YOUR defect is to hate everybody. ;;And yours, ; he replied with a smile, ;is willfully to misunderstand them. ;;Do let us have a little music, ; cried Miss Bingley, tired of a conversation in which she had no share. ;Louisa, you will not mind my waking Mr. Hurst?;Her sister had not the smallest objection, and the pianoforte was opened; and Darcy, after a few moments#39; recollection, was not sorry for it. He began to feel the danger of paying Elizabeth too much attention. Article/201107/143329

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