山东省淄博医院预约

明星资讯腾讯娱乐2018年04月20日 10:41:36
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Good teaching is one-fourth preparation and three-fourths theater.成功的教学是四分之一的准备加上四分之三的表演。The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.普通的老师告诉你是什么,好的老师告诉你为什么。卓越的老师明给你看,伟大的老师激发你的潜能。 /201109/152168

1. S—Simplify. A great life is the result of simplifying your life. People often misinterpret what simplify means. It's not a way to remove work from your life.When you focus on simplifying your life, you free up energy and time for the work that you enjoy and the purpose for which you are here. In order to create a great life, you will have to make room for it in yours first. 1、化繁为简。非凡的人生源于简单的生活。人们往往误解了简单的含义,即不参加工作。当生活真正简化,你就会有时间和精力从事喜欢的工作,并为之奋斗。创建非凡的人生,首先要有自己的空间。 /201003/98671

摘要:在开放的现代社会,跨文化的言语交际显得愈发重要,已经成为现代交际中引人注目的一个特点。交际中的文化差异随处可见,言语环境中的文化因素受到普遍重视。下面是英汉文化中十大常见差异。 1. 回答提问 中国人对别人的问话,总是以肯定或否定对方的话来确定用“对”或者“不对”。如: “我想你不到20岁,对吗?” “是的,我不到20岁。” “不,我已经30岁了。”英语中,对别人的问话,总是依据事实结果的肯定或否定用“Yes”或者“No”。如: "You're not a student, are you?""Yes,I am.""No,I am not."2. 亲属称谓 英语的亲属以家庭为中心,一代人为一个称谓板块,只区别男性、女性,却忽视配偶双方因性别不同而出现的称谓差异。显得男女平等。如: 英文grandparents, grandfather, grandmother, 而中文“祖辈、爷爷、奶奶、外公、外婆”。 再如,父母同辈中的称谓,英文uncle和aunt, 而中文“伯伯、叔叔、舅舅等,姑妈、姨妈等”。 还有,英文中的表示下辈的nephew和 niece是不分侄甥的,表示同辈的cousin不分堂表、性别。 3. 考虑问题的主体 中国人喜欢以对方为中心,考虑对方的情感。比如: 你想买什么? 您想借什么书?而英语中,往往从自身的角度出发。如: Can I help you?What can I do for you?4. 问候用语 中国人打招呼,一般都以对方处境或动向为思维出发点。如: 您去哪里? 您是上班还是下班? 而西方人往往认为这些纯属个人私事,不能随便问。所以他们见面打招呼总是说: Hi/Hello!Good morning/afternoon/evening/night!How are you?It's a lovely day, isn't it?5. 面对恭维 中国人的传统美德是谦虚谨慎,对别人的恭维和夸奖应是推辞。如: “您的英语讲得真好。” “哪里,哪里,一点也不行。” “菜做得很好吃。” “过奖,过奖,做得不好,请原谅。” 西方人从来不过分谦虚,对恭维一般表示谢意,表现出一种自强自信的信念。如: "You can speak very good French.""Thank you.""It's a wonderful dish!" "I am glad you like it." 所以,学生要注意当说英语的人称赞你时,千万不要回答"No, I don't think so."这种回答在西方人看来是不礼貌的,甚至是虚伪的。

  Historians rank Lincoln best US presidentThe statue of the 16th President of the US Abraham Lincoln is seen inside the Lincoln Memorial in 2009 in Washington, DC. Days after celebrations honoring his bicentennial, Lincoln kept his rank as best US president, according to a survey of 65 historians that landed George W. Bush 36th out of 42 overall.Days after celebrations honoring his bicentennial, Abraham Lincoln kept his rank as best US president, according to a survey of 65 historians that landed George W. Bush 36th out of 42 overall.Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865), the first US president George Washington (1789-1797) and New Deal architect Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) were ranked the top three out of the 42 men who have been the country's former chiefs, according to a survey by cable channel C-SPAN.John F. Kennedy came in sixth, ahead of Ronald Reagan (10th) and Bill Clinton, who jumped to 15th from 21st during the last survey in 2000, when Lincoln also ranked first.Of all modern presidents, Bush, who left office last month after an eight-year tenure, fared worst at 36th, nearly 10 spots behind Richard Nixon (27th), who was forced to resign in disgrace in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal.Bush scored lowest in international relations, where he ranked 41st, and in economic management, where he placed 40th. His best ranking was 24th, in having "pursued equal justice for all." He placed 25th in crisis leadership, and for his vision and agenda setting.Reagan faired well in public persuasion, where he was propelled to third spot, from his 10th place overall.Bill Clinton also received accolades for his public persuasion, landing a 10th spot in that category, up from 15th overall.But presidential historians were critical of the last Democratic president's moral authority, placing him 37th, ahead of Richard Nixon (41st), but behind Bush (35th).Jimmy Carter fell from 22nd to 25th overall, and many other presidents moved positions. The fluidity of perceptions of past presidents reflects contemporary concerns, according to Edna Medford, a survey leader and participant."Today's concerns shape our views of the past, be it in the area of foreign policy, managing the economy or human rights," she said in a statement.Presidents James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, Franklin Pierce and William Henry Harrison ranked worst overall. /200902/62617

  Adding classes in yoga, meditation and other so-called mind-body regimens is just one way fitness professionals in the financial district are responding to recent economic uncertainties roiling their corporate clientele. Some are also offering shorter, cheaper personal training sessions and, in at least one health club, quiet discounts for members who lose their jobs.Amid layoffs, concerns about staying buff could seem trivial. (Imagine the headline “World Markets Near Collapse: Muscle Tone Under Threat.f221;) Yet, businesspeople themselves wonder how a perilous financial climate will affect their physical fitness — and if exercise could help them weather hard times.Some struggle to squeeze in any workouts at all. But others, like Amy Sturtevant, an investment director for Oppenheimer amp; Company in Washington, find themselves doubling down on conditioning for relief. “Professionals are doing their best not to panic, but I know a lot of professionals who are panicking” about the markets, she said. “The only way to get away from it is to have some kind of outlet.”Ms. Sturtevant, a mother of four, is training for her fourth marathon. With brokerage clients needing more hand-holding, she said, she stints on sleep rather than skip her 5 a.m. daily boot camp and 20-mile weekend runs.But one of Ms. Sturtevant’s training partners, a portfolio manager, said in an e-mail message that she had not been as diligent as Ms. Sturtevant and had been “scarce” at their workouts. The portfolio manager said she had weathered some tough financial cycles, “but this one has been uniquely disabling.”“Forget the 5 o’clock wake-up to run,” she wrote. “Who is sleeping?”One business owner, Sheri David, is backsliding for business reasons. As chief executive of Impressions on Hold, a company based in New York that sells corporate voicemail systems, a tougher sales environment has meant Ms. David sees more of her customers and less of her personal trainer. Over the summer, she dropped from five sessions a week to three; by mid-September, she said, “it turned into one day for one hour.”Her trainer, Chris Hall, chides Ms. David to make time and, when she does, to tune out her BlackBerry, she reported. “But I say, ‘You don’t understand — there’s 27,000 reasons I have to pay attention,’ ” referring to her accounts.For his part, Mr. Hall — whose clients have included Catherine Zeta-Jones — is now offering 30-minute, “high-core, high-intensity” sessions and shared workouts, he said, “because people don’t necessarily have as much time as they used to, and they don’t want to spend as much money.”According to the International Health, Racquet and Sportsclub Association, there are 41.5 million health club members in the ed States. To keep them on the roster, clubs may be willing to bargain. Most customers who quit the Telos Fitness Center in Dallas, for example, must pay to rejoin. But, for suddenly strapped longtime members, “I’ll put a note in their file and we’ll let them pick up their membership without any fees,” said Clarisa Duran, the center’s sales and marketing director.For Plus One, which operates in-house fitness centers, corporate accounts are the issue; until recently, its major accounts included the investment banks Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers, Merrill Lynch, Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley. Though still operating in all of those except Bear Stearns (which closed in March), the company now must look to its recent expansion in other regions and industries for growth, said Tom Maraday, the senior vice president. (Google is one new client.)“We’re a little experienced with stress because we went through 9/11 down here,” said Grace DeSimone, Plus One’s national director of group fitness. When disaster strikes, she noted, demand for yoga goes up, and on-site gyms exert a special pull: “People come and they want someone to talk to — it’s like Cheers.”And, as in a bar, the televisions stay on. “In the banks, we have to keep the news on,” Mr. Maraday said. But at Cadence Cycling and Multisport Centers, TV’s show training s rather than CN, because “we want this to be an escape,” said Mikael Hanson, director of performance for Cadence in New York.During the Bear Stearns collapse, as becalmed financiers sought their escape, midday classes at the in-house gym grew crowded, according to a former Bear Stearns trader who declined to be named. When the final ax fell, they lost not just jobs but access to a club offering “everything,” she recalled, a hint of longing in her voice.“They even gave you the shirts and shorts so you didn’t have to worry about laundry.” Now she can no longer get in her daily 5:30 a.m. workout. Her new employer has no gym and, with the markets erupting, her workday starts even earlier. “I wish there was a gym that opened at 5 in midtown,” the trader said, “but there isn’t.”Stephanie Shemin Feingold misses a cushy fitness center, too. Since leaving a Midtown law firm in June to work at a nonprofit in Harlem, she’s been using her apartment building’s spartan fitness room. “When there are only three tmills, it can get crowded pretty quickly,” she said.“I’m lucky if I get in 20 minutes instead of the hour I used to do,” Ms. Shemin Feingold said. “My pants are getting tight. I’m going to have to figure out a new routine, because I can’t afford a new wardrobe.”Fitness matters more than ever if you’re laid off, career counselors advise, not just for health, but to network and stay positive. “The last thing you want is to gain 20 pounds during a job search, ” said Dr. Jan Cannon, author of “Finding a Job in a Slow Economy.” “That just compounds that sense of, ‘What’s wrong with me?’ ”Exercise, she added, can also spur creativity. “You know how we always have those ‘aha’ moments in the shower?” Dr. Cannon said. In the same way, “a good brisk walk can be very helpful.”Jenny Herring, a Des Moines financial writer, usually walks or bikes for respite from the fulltime job search she began in June, after being downsized as part of the subprime mortgage fallout. But one day last month, feeling frustrated when her phone refused to ring, she varied the routine: “I said, I’m going to get outside, and I mowed the front and back yards” for exercise.For a motivated few, extra time for conditioning actually proves a rare upside of unemployment. “A lot of people who are between jobs are using this downtime to go after a goal,” like a triathlon, said Mr. Hanson of Cadence Cycling.Dr. Cannon recalled a client whose workouts last spring “got more frequent as time went on” — to block out the disappointment, and to give her something to get up and do every day.“She lost 40 pounds.” /200811/55457。

  1. Immature woman will spend their parents' money; Mature woman will spend their own money or the man's money. 1.不成熟的女人会花父母的钱; 成熟的女人会自己挣钱或花男人的钱。 /200912/91724

  In a 2005 piece in the Times, Jon Pareles called the British rock group Coldplay “the most insufferable band of the decade,” and he placed the blame on the band’s front man and singer, Chris Martin, whom he called a “passive-aggressive blowhard.” Earlier this year, in a study sponsored by the hotel chain Travelodge of the bedtime habits of 2,248 people in the U.K., Coldplay topped a poll of music choices that would help people fall asleep. Coldplay apparently relieves what Travelodge called the “pressures of modern living.” Martin may use the same metric to judge his band’s music. On coldplay.com, you can find a handwritten note, dated “Thursday 12 June London,” that addresses the recent release of the band’s fourth studio album, “Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends.” “I feel very relieved that the album is finally released out into the big wide world today,” it says. “I hope there’s songs on there that will make a shit day slightly less shit, or a good day even better.” The album sold more than seven hundred thousand copies in the first week of its release in the ed States. (Since the group’s début album, “Parachutes,” was released, in 2000, news items about the troubled entertainment conglomerate EMI routinely correlate the health of the corporation with the health of Coldplay.)Is Coldplay warm milk or just quietly dependable? Don’t ask Martin, who has transformed the English art of diffidence into a masochistic religion: “We owe them a career, really,” he has said of Radiohead. He has also said, “Like millions of people in the world, I can’t listen to Coldplay.” He’s half right about Radiohead—Coldplay exhibits a taste for melancholy and smeared, stretched-out sounds that leads straight back to Thom Yorke and his friends. The main antecedent is U2, who invented the form that Coldplay works within: rock that respects the sea change of punk but still wants to be as chest-thumping and anthemic as the music of the seventies stadium gods. Translated, this means short pop songs that somehow summon utterly titanic emotions and require you to skip around in triumphant circles and pump your fist, even if it is not entirely clear what you are singing about.The link to U2 has been made explicit on “Viva la Vida,” which was co-produced by Brian Eno, the man who moved U2 from a feisty, soccer-chant style into the expansive and hypnotic sound that has defined the rest of their career. The problem is that Coldplay doesn’t seem to have unplumbed depths, or a voice as distinctive as either Bono’s or the Edge’s, whose guitar is U2’s second vocalist. The guys in Coldplay are a sweet bunch, and their best songs are modest affairs. “Yellow” was the track that made them famous eight years ago. There’s some guitar work that echoes the Edge’s—chiming, small chords played high on the neck and repeated, over and over, pushing the song away from the divisions of song form and closer to the ecstasy of the drone (when it works)—but the core of the song is Martin serenading someone with the oldest trick in the book: “Look at the stars, look how they shine for you, and all the things that you do.” It’s a big fat “Aw!,” and it gets me every time.“Yellow” is one of Martin’s few straightforward lyrics. For the band’s second album, Martin started singing in free-floating slogans. “Am I part of the cure? Or am I part of the disease?” is a line from “Clocks,” perhaps the group’s loveliest song. The music evokes the song’s name, revolving around three circling and falling piano arpeggios. The payoff comes when Martin stretches out the words “you are” in a falsetto sung over the piano figure. You are what? Go figure, and I haven’t the slightest idea what is going on with the “tides” and the “clocks” in the lyrics. Doesn’t matter. “Clocks” is a big-budget “Ooh!” with lots of pretty lights—it works. At the end of the song, Martin repeatedly sings, “Home, home, where I wanted to go.” There’s the only part you need take note of—an essentially conservative sentiment, and probably a comfort zone for a guy who grew up thinking he wasn’t particularly cool and lost his virginity at the age of twenty-two.I’ve always wanted to like Coldplay for just that attribute. They’re a band of nice young lads being rewarded for niceness. But on the band’s third album, “Xamp;Y,” a need to Signify Something began to overwhelm the charm. The little bouquet of roses on the doorstep became an oversized vessel filled with cloying, synthetic gas.The title track of “Viva la Vida”—also known as the “iPod song,” because it is used in an Apple ad—is easily the best thing about the album. Don’t go to the lyrics for any cues; it is entirely obscure why such a jaunty, upbeat song would be referencing “Roman cavalry choirs” or revolutionaries or St. Peter. Martin is the king? Was the king? Whatevs. Coldplay knows how to build a song that draws you in with easy, karaoke-y moves. I spent a weekend hearing an eight-year-old and an eleven-year-old sing the song (fighting about the lyrics, and sometimes rewriting them), and I never tired of the melody. After that, though, you are on your own. There are Eno touches that catch the ear: the chattering strings and bell-like keyboards that close out “Death and All His Friends,” or the timbre of the instrumental “Life in Technicolor,” which sounds like it’s emanating from the end of a long metal tube. “Technicolor” is one of the album’s few concise, concentrated pieces of writing; the rest sounds both incomplete and puffed up, like scraps of previous records scrambled and rearranged. This upending of their style isn’t even radical enough to be bad. “Viva la Vida” is an album that keeps going out of focus, a series of disconnected pieces that is impossible to hold on to. And why are they wearing all those vaguely military jackets? What’s with Liberty leading the people on the cover? They must know that beyond the cozy confines of London there are a couple of major conflicts going on. It does not feel like the moment, especially for such a vague band, to be playing with any symbols of war. 2005年的一期泰晤士报中,乔恩帕雷利斯(Jon Pareles)把英国摇滚组合酷玩乐队称为“十年内最难以忍受的乐队”,而且归咎于乐队的名誉负责人和歌手马丁,并称他做“消极好斗的吹牛大王”。今年早些时候,由连锁酒店Travelodge赞助的一份研究对2248名英国人的睡眠习惯进行了调查,研究表明酷玩乐队名列床头音乐的首位。他们的音乐能明显减轻该酒店所谓的“现代生活压力”。其实马丁也可以使用同样的标准去评判他乐队的音乐。 在coldplay.com上,你能发现将一张手写的便条,写着"6月12日星期四 伦敦",并论及最近发布的第四张乐队专辑《Viva la vida or Death and all his friends》。网站上写道:“今天我感觉到非常宽慰,专辑终于得以流入这个万千世界”。我希望上面有歌曲能够使糟糕的日子变得没有那么糟糕,把美好的日子变得更加美好。专辑在美国发布后,首个星期已售出超过七十万张。 (自2000年乐队的首张专辑《Parachutes》发布以来,新闻消息总会说酷玩的命运关乎巨头EMI的生死)。究竟酷玩乐队是EMI的救命稻草还是仅仅比较可靠呢?问马丁也没用。他把英式的羞怯风格转为对忍受虐待的信仰。 "我们确实抢了他们饭碗",谈到电台司令时他这么说道。他也说过"像世界上数百万人一样,我不能去听酷玩的音乐"。不过他只说对了一半,酷玩乐队的音乐的确偏好一种邋遢而又模糊的延长音,能让人直接联想到电台司令的汤姆约克(Thom Yorke)和他的队友。其实这种效果的鼻祖主要是U2,是他们创造了酷玩乐队现在的演奏风格:这种摇滚顾及到了朋克的巨大改革,但仍然追求一种让人心跳加速的,像进行曲那般的效果,正如70年代室内摇滚天王的音乐。换言之,就是指那种短小的流行歌曲,虽然你不完全知道在唱什么,但它总能激起你巨大的情感,让你激动得蹦蹦跳跳,振臂高呼。布赖恩伊诺(Bryan Eno)监制的《Viva la vida》已经展示了专辑与U2的关系,因为布莱恩曾经把U2原来活跃的足球音乐风格改造成深邃的催眠音乐风格,而后者则造就了他们以后的职业生涯。但问题是酷玩乐队似乎没有如此深度,也没有波诺(Bono)或刀子(the Edge)那样有特色的嗓音,而且U2他们能把吉他演奏得像伴唱。酷玩那些家伙都很轻柔,他们最好的曲目也显得不愠不火。 《Yellow》他们八年前的成名曲。当中有几段吉他弹得像刀子演奏的钟音,就是不断重复在琴颈高处的小和弦。它使歌曲远离了各种音乐流派而更加接近低音所带来的迷幻效果(如果成功的话)。但该首歌曲的核心在于马丁用经岁月洗练的歌词所吟唱的这段小夜曲:"Look at the stars, Look how they shine for you, and all the things that you do."然后是丰富饱满的一声"ah-",每次都能触动我的心弦。马丁直抒胸臆的歌曲为数不多,《Yellow》是其中之一。在乐队的第二张专辑中,马丁开始使用较为自由的歌词。"Am I part of the cure? Or am I part of the disease?"这句歌词来自可能是酷玩最动人的歌曲——《Clocks》。 旋律照应了歌曲名,一直围绕着三个重复的钢琴下行琶音。 而高潮出现在马丁随着钢琴用假声唱出的"you are"。但曲中的"你"是什么呢?自己去猜吧。歌词中的什么"tides"和"clocks"我还完全没有头绪。不懂也没关系,重磅大碟《Clocks》在一片欢呼与光芒中的隆重推出取得了巨大成功。而在歌曲的结尾,马丁反复低唱"Home, home, where I wanted to go。" 只有那部分你才注意到他的那一份本质上深藏的情感,潜藏在小伙的心底的安全区域:这是一个从小就自认不是特别酷的男孩,是一个22岁时拥有了初夜的男孩。我总想出于这一点而去喜欢酷玩乐队:他们是一伙因善良而获得回报的年轻男孩。 但是乐队的第三张专辑"Xamp;Y",一种张示某种东西的欲望开始掩盖他们的魅力。 犹如门前台阶上的一小束玫瑰变成了一个发涨的罐头,还充满了令人反胃的人造毒气。《Viva la Vida》的同名歌曲也叫"iPod歌",因为苹果公司用来做了广告。它无疑是该专辑的亮点。但为什么这首轻松活泼的,积极向上的歌曲竟与"罗马骑兵唱诗班"或革命者或圣彼得扯上了关系?这的确让人很费解,你也不要期望在歌词中能找到头绪。马丁是那国王吗? 曾经当过那国王吗?管他呢。酷玩乐队知道如何去创造一首歌,能够用简单的卡拉OK节奏把你吸引住。我听着8岁和11岁的小孩唱这着首歌度过一个周末(虽然他们歌词都不熟,有时还改词)但我从不厌烦这首歌的旋律。 然而一曲终了,只有你独自一人能够感受到。曲中不乏伊诺式的悦耳魅力:低诉的弦乐与钟声般的键盘能将"死神和他所有朋友"都关在门外;而纯器乐曲《Life in Technicolor》的音色,则像从一个长金属管的末端中发出的绝响。《Life in Technicolor》也是专辑里少数短小精悍的曲目之一,其它的曲目听上去又空虚又不完整,像前一专辑的片段被打碎之后再重组,然而当中的破坏元素又够不上叛逆。《Viva la Vida》这张专辑将继续淡出人们视线,这一系列断断续续的专辑是很难让人追随的。另外他们为什么都穿上那些暧昧的军装?封面上带领着人民的除了自由是什么? 他们一定知道在舒适的伦敦之外还有几起主要的冲突在进行着。但把战争的元素加进演奏当中,特别是对于这样一风格模糊的乐队,好像还不是时候。 /200808/45585Survey finds what British women really want in Mr Right France overtook Ireland as the fertility champion of Europe in 2007 HE should be clean-shaven, good-looking and drive a silver Mercedes. And, most important of all, he should be more than 178cm. Height is apparently more important than looks to women looking for Mr Right, a survey claims. With blue eyes, short dark-brown hair and medium build, the ideal candidate would appear to be film star Jake Gyllenhaal. Looks aside, the perfect partner must also love pets and appreciate fine wine, theatres and nice restaurants. Coupled with this he should have a "wacky" sense of humour, according to the study of 40,000 women by UKdating.com. Mr Right wears smart jeans and a T-shirt, weighs exactly 80.5kg and is a doctor or lawyer who owns a home in a good location. He has had three serious relationships, no more than six sexual partners, has never been married and doesn't have children. Also important is a university education: many women specify a man with a BA degree. Smokers and football fans were given the thumbs-down. Only 1 per cent of women questioned would date a chap who hates pets. The majority -- 66 per cent -- want to find a partner who is fit. Even more -- 68 per cent -- are looking for a wacky sense of humour. David Brown, managing director of UKdating.com, said: "The female daters on our website certainly know what they want and they are not afraid to let the men know. "They are looking for a man in a similar way to looking for a mortgage -- by going to websites, saying what they want and comparing what is out there." Fortunately for imperfect men, however, not all women go for the Gyllenhaal ideal. "Cuddly lovers" were favoured by 21 per cent, while 16 per cent would like to find a balding gent like Bruce Willis. Another 11 per cent said their Mr Right would be ginger, while 18 per cent said they would prefer a man with grey hair. And 28 per cent claimed they do not care how much a man earns. Facial hair proved surprisingly popular: 28 per cent of those surveyed admitted they liked a goatee and 21 per cent said they would like to meet a man with a moustache. Only 2 per cent of women, however, said they wouldn't mind dating someone who was less than 152cm tall. /200801/25615

  1. Model behavior. The most important thing you can do to convert others to your ideas is to be the best model possible. Walk the walk, and do it visibly, so others can see what you’re doing. This goes for your spouse, for your kids, for family and friends, for co-workers. Just showing how to do it can be a powerful tool indeed. Declutter your life, live more simply, and you’ll go a long way to converting others.1.榜样的力量. 尽可能的做一个好榜样是尤为重要的,你能做的就是让别人相信你的观点。走自己的路,正大光明,所以别人才能够看到你做的。这样做是为了你的配偶,孩子,家庭,朋友以及同事。事实上,如何做到这一点可能要好好思量。好好生活,更简单的生活。去改变别人,你还有很长一段路要走。 /201003/99827According to a study, chewing gum after intestinal surgery can help reactivate paralyzed bowels and get patients out of the hospital sooner。Chewing gum afterintestinal surgerycan help reactivate paralyzedbowelsand get patients out of the hospital sooner, a study said on Monday.Patients who haveabdominal surgeryoften suffer a slowdown or shutdown of the bowels calledileusthat causes pain, vomiting and abdominal swelling, and they may not be able to tolerate food or even water, the report published in the Archives of Surgery said.Study participants had no problem chewing sugarless gum three times a day. Chewing stimulates nerves that promote the release of hormones responsible for activating thegastrointestinal system, wrote study author Rob Schuster of Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital in California.Seventeen of 34 patients who chewed gum beginning a few hours after surgery passed gas several hours sooner than the half who did not chew, and they had their first bowel movements an average of 63 hours after surgery compared with 89 hours for non-chewers.The gum chewers got out of the hospital an average of 4.3 days after surgery versus 6.8 days for non-chewers, reducing costs and lowering the risk ofcomplications."We conclude that gum chewing early in the postoperative period following (surgery) hastens time to bowel motility and ability to tolerate feedings," the report said. "This inexpensive and well-tolerated treatment resulted in earlier hospital discharge."本周一公布的一项研究表明,患者在接受肠道手术之后,嚼口香糖可以帮助他们麻痹的肠道恢复运动,有助于患者早日出院。 据刊在《外科文献》上的报告称,患者在接受腹部手术后,经常会出现"肠梗阻"现象,即肠道运动缓慢或是肠道运动停止,这将引发腹痛、呕吐或腹涨等反应,患者可能因此无法进食,甚至无法饮水。美国加州圣芭芭拉医疗站的罗布·舒斯特是这项研究报告的撰写人。他在报告中写道,此项研究的参与者每天嚼3次无糖口香糖。嚼口香糖将刺激人体内某些释放激素的神经,而这些激素有助于促进肠胃系统活动。在参与研究的34名患者中,有一半的患者在手术之后的几小时就开始咀嚼口香糖。研究发现,咀嚼口香糖的患者比另一半不嚼口香糖的患者早数小时排气,并且,前者平均在手术后的63个小时里就出现了首次肠道运动,而后者在术后89个小时才出现首次肠道运动。那些每天咀嚼口香糖的患者术后平均4.3天就出院了,而另外不咀嚼口香糖的患者平均6.8天后才出院。咀嚼口香糖不仅减少了患者的医疗开,同时还降低了发生并发症的危险。"我们得出这样一个结论:手术后早期咀嚼口香糖,有助于患者肠道早日恢复运动并促进他们的进食能力,"报告说,"这种便宜又容易接受的治疗方法能帮助患者早日出院。" Vocabulary:intestinal surgery:(肠道手术)bowels:the intestine(肠子)abdominal surgery:(腹部手术)ileus:(医学用语:“肠梗阻”)gastrointestinal system:(肠胃系统)complications:a secondary disease, an accident, or a negative reaction occurring during the course of an illness and usually aggravating the illness(并发症) /200808/46332

  【中英文对照】又到了夏天,美白防晒又是爱美的职场人关注的话题之一了。很多朋友选防晒霜的时候会觉得SPF指数越高越好,那么实际情况是怎么样呢?一起来看看吧There are many misconceptions with sunscreen. You have those people who think that getting the highest SPF will protect them better than a lower SPF. Then, there are those who won't use sunscreen with a high SPF because they think they won't get a tan.对于防晒有不少误区。很多人总是认为高的SPF比低SPF能更好的防晒。还有一些人认为自己不会晒黑,所以根本不会使用高防晒指数的防晒霜。Here are the facts.然而事实并非如此。Higher SPF's aren't always necessary. You need to look at a couple of things when you are shopping for sunscreen. First, how light is your skin tone? Those with lighter skin will usually burn faster than those with darker or olive skin. If your skin starts to turn red fast, you'll want a higher SPF.高的防晒指数并非总是必需的。当你购买防晒霜时,你需要考虑以下几点。首先,你的肤色如何?亮色皮肤总比暗色或橄榄色肌肤的人容易晒伤。如果你的肌肤很容易变红,那你需要高防晒指数的防晒霜。But what does the SPF rating really mean?但是防晒指数等级到底指的是什么呢? /200906/73463

  Have you ever met people who seem to be happy all the time, and wonder what their secrets are? These people are contented, easy going, generous, and always have a positive outlook in life.Now, if you are conducting a research by asking "What make you a happy person"; they will reveal at least one or two of these five things below.Have a Sense of HumorLife is short, so put a little sense of humor in a stressful situation will keep your blood level maintained. Laugh about it, and suddenly you will lessen the burden.Happiness is contagious! If you are happy, the people around you will be happy. If you have a light sense of humor, your family will have a light sense of humor. Happiness is not a build-in mechanism when you were born; it is something you have to cultivate to exceed.Appreciate Your EnvironmentFind positive things around you instead what are bad or missing. Appreciate your surrounding will make you a happier person.If you look for positive attributes in everything and everywhere you go, you develop an appreciation for the world you live in.Be InspiredAllow other people to inspire you by listening to their stories, or simply just watch them. Let inspiration guides your life to a deeper meaning. If you are open, every single person you meet can be a motivation force in some ways.You can also be an inspirational figure by simply carrying a big smile on your face. Sometimes, turning a bad experience into something positive brings on a different effect.Give YourselfPhysically give yourself in doing such as cooking, or serving, or cleaning at a shelter or any other places, will fulfill the higher purpose in your life. When you give, you also receive. By putting yourself out there to do good for others make the meaning of giving more rewarding. There are a lot of things you can do in your community: cleaning a stretch of the road, or highway, or planning flowers in your city can help you feel belonged and hopeful.Count Your BlessingsThe blessings do not have to be big to count. Sometimes, the littlest thing can really mean more than winning a lottery, such as holding your child in your arms and receive a kiss. Sure, it is nice to have a million dollars in your bank account, but if you come home to an empty house without warm greetings; it is very sad. Count your tiniest blessings daily. It does wonder to your mind!Being a happy person takes work, and it is attainable. We might unable to be cheerful all the time, but with the right attitude and positive frame of mind, we can be one of the happy people, and we will inspire others to have a pleasant outlook in life. /200804/35926。

  A good fight with your spouse could be good for the health, a new study has found.一项最新研究发现,夫妻双方在必要的时候斗斗嘴有益于身体健康。Couples who suppressed their anger have a mortality rate twice as high as those in which at least one partner stands up for themselves, according to the study which tracked 192 US couples for 17 years.该研究对192对美国夫妇进行了长达17年的跟踪调查。研究发现,夫妻间生闷气的比至少有一方为自己争辩的死亡率高一倍。When couples get together, one of their main jobs is reconciliation about conflict, said lead author Ernest Harburg, an emeritus professor with the University of Michigan.研究报告主要撰写人、密歇根大学退休教授欧尼斯特?哈伯格说:“夫妻相处的一个主要问题就是如何调解矛盾。”The key matter is, when the conflict happens, how do you resolve it? he said.“关键问题在于,发生矛盾时你应该怎样去解决它?”If you bury your anger, and you brood on it and you resent the other person or the attacker, and you don#39;t try to resolve the problem, then you#39;re in trouble.“如果你把怨气憋在心里,耿耿于怀,对对方愤恨不满,而不想办法去解决问题,那就麻烦了。”Previous studies have shown that suppressing anger increases stress-related illnesses like heart disease and high blood pressure.之前有研究表明,生闷气会增加患心脏病和高血压等与紧张有关的疾病的风险。This study looks at how suppressed anger and the resulting buildup of resentment in a marriage affects overall mortality rates.该研究对夫妻之间生闷气以及由此导致的怨恨积聚对总体死亡率的影响进行了探究。Harburg and his colleagues used a questionnaire to determine how the spouses responded to behaviour that they perceived as unfair.哈伯格及其同事通过问卷调查来测定受访夫妇对他们所认为的“不公平”行为如何反应。Both spouses suppressed their anger in 26 of the couples while at least one spouse expressed their anger in the remaining 166 couples.调查结果显示,有26对夫妇双方都生闷气,其余的166对夫妇中至少有一方发泄不满。At least one death was recorded in half the couples who suppressed their anger, whereas only 26 percent of the other couples suffered from the death of a spouse.生闷气夫妇的死亡率至少为50%,而发泄不满夫妇的死亡率仅为26%。And the anger-supressing couples were nearly five times more likely to both be dead 17 years later, the study found.此外,研究发现,经常生闷气的夫妇17年后双亡的几率为其他夫妇的近五倍。The study was carried out in a small, predominantly white and middle class town in Michigan and most of the women were ;housewives; born before the sexual revolution.该研究在美国密歇根州一个以白人和中产阶级为主的小镇开展,其中大多数女性为“家庭妇女”,均出生于美国性革命(美国性革命爆发于20世纪60年代)之前。An upcoming analysis of survival rates 30 years later will yield more reliable results, Harburg said.哈伯格说,研究人员将对这些夫妇30年后的存活率进行研究分析,这一分析得出的结果会更加可靠。 /200801/25613

  Two brothers, Herbert and James, lived with their mother and a cat named Edgar. James was particularly attached to the cat, and when he had to leave town for several days, he left Herbert meticulous instructions about the pet' s care. At the end of this first day away. James telephoned his brother. "How is Edgar?"   "Edgar is dead." Herbert answered. There was a pause. Then James said, "Herbert, you're insensitive, you know how close I was to Edgar —you should have broken the news to me slowly. When I asked about Edgar tonight, you should have said, 'Edgar's on the roof , but I have called the fire department to get him down.' And tomorrow when I called, you could have said the firemen were having trouble getting Edgar down, but you were hopeful they would succeed. Then when I called the third time, you could have told me that the fire-men have done their best, but unfortunately Edgar had fallen off the roof and was at the veterinarian's. Then when I called the last time, you could have said that although everything possible had been done for Edgar, he had died. That's the way a sensitive man would have told me about Edgar. And, oh, before I forget," James added, "how is mother?"   "Oh," Herbert said, pausing for a moment, "She' s on the roof." 郝伯特和詹姆斯兄弟二人一起生活,家中有一老母并养了一只猫叫埃德格。詹姆斯特别喜欢这只猫。有一次他要外出几天,临行前不厌其烦地嘱咐郝伯特照顾好这只宠物。出门后的头一天晚上,他打来电话询问:“埃德格好吗?”  “它死了,”郝伯格回答。一阵沉默之后,詹姆斯说:“郝伯特,你真没心没肺,你知道我多么喜欢埃德格——你应该把这个消息慢慢地告诉我。当我问起埃德格今晚怎样时,你应该说,‘埃德格爬上了屋顶,我已给消防队打了电话,让他们把它救下来。’我明天又给你打电话时,你应该说消防队营救埃德格遇到了困难,但你相信他们会成功。在我第三天给你打电话时,你可以说消防队员已尽了最大努力,但很不幸,埃德格从屋顶上掉了下来,被送到兽医那里。在我最后一次给你打电话询问,你可以说尽管对埃德格做了一切所能做的努力,它还是死了。这是一个富有感情的人告诉我埃德格的消息时所用的方式。哦,趁我没忘记还有件事顺便问一下,”詹姆斯补充道,“母亲好吗?”  “哦……”一阵沉默后郝伯特答道,“她上了屋顶。” /201109/153711

  Katie Alves recreates movie scenes on the eyelids of models, such as the above presentation of The Nightmare before Christmas. Katie Alves 在模特的眼影上重现了电影场景,上图的眼影就是《圣诞惊魂夜》的场景。 /201107/144266

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