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云南昆明整形医院割双眼皮多少钱云南中医学院第二附属医院激光祛斑手术多少钱云南做双眼皮开眼角多少钱 Raising Children 美式教养观 The job of raising children is a tough one. Children don't come with an instruction manual. And each child is different. So parents sometimes pull their hair out in frustration, not knowing what to do. But in raising children-as in all of life-what we do is influenced by our culture. Naturally then, American parents teach their children basic American values.   养育孩子是件伤脑筋的差事,孩子们并不是生下来就附有说明书的,而每个孩子又都不尽相同,所以有时候父母们真是挫折地扯光了头发,还不知该怎幺办。然而以教养孩子而言,就像生活中所有的事一样,我们的行为都受文化的影响,因此,美国父母很自然地会教导他们的孩子基本的美国价值观。   To Americans, the goal of parents is to help children stand on their own two feet. From infancy, each child may get his or her own room. As children grow, they gain more freedom to make their own choices. Teenagers choose their own forms of entertainment, as well as the friends to share them with. When they reach young adulthood, they choose their own careers and marriage partners. Of course, many young adults still seek their parents' advice and approval for the choices they make. But once they "leave the nest" at around 18 to 21 years old, they want to be on their own, not "tied to their mother's apron strings."   对美国人而言,教养的目标在于帮助孩子们自立更生。从婴幼儿期开始,每一个孩子都可能拥有自己的房间;随着孩子的成长,他们有更多机会自己作决定;青少年们选择自己喜欢的方式,以及跟什幺样的朋友一起玩;当他们进入了青年期之后,他们选择自己的事业和结婚伴侣。当然,很多的年轻人在作选择时,还是会寻求父母的忠告和赞同,但是当他们一旦在十八到二十一岁左右「离了巢」之后,就希望能够独立,不再是个离不开妈妈的孩子了。   The relationship between parents and children in America is very informal. American parents try to treat their children as individuals-not as extensions of themselves. They allow them to fulfill their own dreams. Americans praise and encourage their children to give them the confidence to succeed. When children become adults, their relationship with their parents becomes more like a friendship among equals. But contrary to popular belief, most adult Americans don't make their parents pay for room and board when they come to visit. Even as adults, they respect and honor their parents.   在美国,亲子之间的关系不是那么地严肃,美国父母们试着将孩子视为个体,而不是他们自我的延伸,他们允许孩子去实现自己的梦想。美国人会赞美并鼓励孩子以给予他们成功的信心。当孩子长大成人之后,亲子之间的关系会更像地位平等的朋友,可是与大家一向所以为的恰好相反,当父母来访时,大部份的美国成年人并不会要求父母付食宿费,因为就算已经成年,他们还是很敬重父母的。   Most young couples with children struggle with the issue of childcare. Mothers have traditionally stayed home with their children. In recent years, though, a growing trend is to put preschoolers in a day care center so Mom can work. Many Americans have strong feelings about which type of arrangement is best. Some argue that attending a day care center can be a positive experience for children. Others insist that mothers are the best caregivers for children. A number of women are now leaving the work force to become full-time homemakers.   大部份有孩子的年轻夫妻们都为了养育孩子的问题而大伤脑筋。传统上,母亲们会和孩子待在家里,但是近几年来,把孩子放在幼儿园好让妈妈去工作的趋势渐长。对于哪一种安排才是最好的,许多美国人都有自己强烈的主张,有些人认为进幼儿园对孩子而言是很正向的经历,另一群人则坚持母亲是照顾孩子的最佳人选,许多的妇女现在也离开工作市场成为全职的家庭主妇。母来访时,大部份的美国成年人并不会要求父母付食宿费,因为就算已经成年,他们还是很敬重父母的。   Disciplining children is another area that American parents have differing opinions about. Many parents feel that an old-fashioned spanking helps youngsters learn what "No!" means. Others prefer alternate forms of discipline. For example, "time outs" have become popular in recent years. Children in "time out" have to sit in a corner or by a wall. They can get up only when they are y to act nicely. Older children and teenagers who break the rules may be grounded, or not allowed to go out with friends. Some of their privileges at home-like TV or telephone use-may also be taken away for a while. Although discipline isn't fun for parents or children, it's a necessary part of training.   训诫孩子是另一项引起美国父母们争议的议题。许多父母觉得老式的责打能够帮助年幼的孩子明白:父母说「不」就绝对禁止去做,然而某些人则较赞同其它形式的训诫方式。例如:「隔离法」即是近年来颇被接受的方式,被隔离的孩子必须坐在墙角或是墙边,除非他们肯乖一点才可以起来;年纪稍大的孩子或是青少年若是违反规定,则可能受到被迫停止某项权益或是不准和朋友出去的处罚,而他们在家中的某些特权,像是看电视或是打电话,也会被取消一段时间。虽然处罚对于亲子双方都不是什么有趣的事,但是它仍是训诫孩子时必要的一部份。   Being a parent is a tall order. It takes patience, love, wisdom, courage and a good sense of humor to raise children (and not lose your sanity). Some people are just deciding not to have children at all, since they're not sure it's worth it. But raising children means training the next generation and preserving our culture. What could be worth more than that?   担任亲职是必须付出极大代价的,教养孩子需要付出耐心、爱心、智能、勇气以及高度的幽默感(同时不失去你明智的判断力)。有些人根本就决定不生孩子,因为他们不确定这样的付出值不值得,但是养育孩子意味着训练下一代并且保留我们的文化,又有什么会比这更有价值呢? /201004/101709昭通市第一人民医院治疗痘坑多少钱

昆明市西山区治疗痘痘多少钱Real PlayWhen I taught the introduction-to-theater course at North Dakota State University, I required my students to attend the university theater#39;s current production and write a critique.After viewing a particularly fine performance, one student wrote: The play was so real, I thought I was actually sitting on my couch at home, watching it on television.逼真的戏剧我在北达科他州立大学教戏剧入门课时,要求学生们去看学校剧团当时的演出,并写一篇。看了一场极为精的演出后,一名学生写道:;这部戏剧是如此逼真,以致于我认为我自己是坐在家里的沙发上,从电视上看到的。; /201202/172443昆明昆医二附院祛痣多少钱 New runner Denise recently emailed me asking what time of day she should run to beat the heat. She typically runs in the evening, but is willing to change her routine if she'll be more comfortable running at a different time.丹尼斯是一位跑步爱好者,最近她发邮件给我询问这样一个问题:一天当中什么时候跑步可以避开炎热。她习惯于傍晚跑步,如果在其他时间跑步能使她感觉更加舒,那么她想改变一下她的跑步习惯。When deciding when to run during hot, humid weather, you should avoid running during the hottest part of the day - from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.当你决定在湿热天气下跑步时,你应该避免在早上10点至下午4点这段时间跑步,因为这段时间是一天中最热的时候。Although running in the evening is better than heading out in the middle of the day, it's hotter than morning running because the sun heats up the roads all day and they're still radiating heat in the evening. So you're better off running in the morning, before the sun comes up, if possible. If don't feel comfortable running in the dark1 or low light conditions, run right after sunrise.尽管在傍晚跑步要比在中午跑步凉快一些,但是由于路面被太阳照射了一整天而且在傍晚继续散热,因此在傍晚跑步比在早晨跑步还是要感觉热一些。因此,如果条件允许,你最好还是选择在早晨,太阳升起来之前跑步。如果你不喜欢在光线暗的环境下跑步,那么你可以在早晨等太阳完全升起后再去跑步。 /201108/148677嵩明县人民医院韩式隆鼻多少钱

丽江纹眼线手术多少钱Personality assessments are popular. If you are applying for a job, you might need to take a test. Many employers believe the tests can help them avoid picking the wrong people.性格测试很流行。如果你申请一份工作,你就可能要接受这样的测试。许多雇主相信测试能避免选错员工。Companies also want to make sure their employees can cope with stress. Disagreements can be costly and inefficient.同时企业也希望确保员工能够应对压力。工作分歧会导致高成本和低效率。According to the B, in the US alone, there are about 2,500 personality tests on the market.根据B的报道,仅在美国,市场上就有将近2500种性格测试。One of the most popular is called the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator or MBTI. Used by 89 of the Fortune 100 companies, it has been translated into 24 languages and has been adopted by governments and military agencies around the world.其中最流行的一种叫做迈尔斯#8226;布里格斯类型指标,即MBTI测试。《财富》杂志100强企业里有89家采用这个测试,此测试被翻译成24种语言,被全世界各地的政府和军事机构广为采用。Perhaps its attraction lies in its simplicity – according to the MBTI, we all conform to one of 16 character types.也许这种测试的吸引力在于它的简单——根据MBTI测试,我们每人都符合16种性格的其中一种。But that simplicity is precisely what makes some people skeptical.但是这种简单也的确让一些人持怀疑态度。;There is something about the wish to put everything in neat little boxes so that we can manipulate them and make them serve our purposes,; says American author Annie Murphy Paul.;这就好比把所有的东西都塞进整齐划一的小盒子里,便于我们使用,适应我们的需求。;美国作家安妮#8226;墨菲#8226;保罗如是说。Her book, The Cult of Personality Testing, claims such tests are leading people to miseducate their children, mismanage their companies and misunderstand themselves.她的著作,《性格测试的狂热》,认为这样的测试会导致人们误导自己的孩子,或是对公司管理不善,还会误解自己的性格。To someone unfamiliar with it, MBTI may look like random combinations of letters, but the first category is relatively straightforward – are you E or I? Extrovert or Introvert?对于不了解MBTI测试的人来说,它可能看起来就是字母的随机组合,但是第一个类别相对直接——你是E还是I?即:外向还是内向?The second is a choice between S or N – Sensing or Intuitive – which means some people interpret the world by collecting data through their senses, others reply on their gut feelings.第二个是S或N的选择——即理性还是感性——这是指有些人靠理性搜集数据来认识世界,而有人则依靠本能的直觉认识世界。Are you a T or an F? A Thinker or somebody more governed by their Feelings? And, finally, are you J or P? Judging types prefer to regulate and manage their lives whereas Perceivers favor spontaneity.你是T还是F?即:理智思考的人还是感情冲动的人?还有,你是J还是P?即:判断型的人倾向于有条不紊地规划和管理自己的生活,而凭感觉走的人更喜欢随性自在。The B reported that the overwhelming majority of the 2.5 million Americans who take the MBTI assessment each year feel their results do fit their personalities.据B报道,每年参加MBTI测试的250万美国人里,绝大多数人觉得测试结果符合自己的性格。But according to Paul, as many as three-quarters of test takers achieve a different personality type when tested for a second time.根据作家保罗的观点,有四分之三的受测试者接受第二次测试后得到不同的结果。She argues that the 16 distinctive types described by the Myers-Briggs have no scientific basis whatsoever.她认为,迈尔斯#8226;布里格斯描述的16种不同性格没有任何科学依据。Employees often sense that management is looking for a particular type for a specific post. This assumption may lead to test-takers cheating on the test.雇员往往觉得管理者测试员工性格是为了给特定岗位寻找特定性格的人。这样的臆测可能导致受测试者作假。The investigative writer Barbara Ehrenreich, who has been a strong critic of personality testing for years, thinks employers have a greater tendency to worry about whether a candidate is introvert or extrovert.调查作家芭芭拉#8226;埃伦里希,多年来一直严厉批判性格测试,她认为雇主非常倾向于担心求职者是内向还是外向。These days more employees are expected to work in teams. Sometimes, they are even expected to communicate effectively with people on the other side of the world whom they have never met.现在,更多的雇员被要求进行团队协作。有时候,他们甚至需要与地球另一边素未谋面的人进行有效沟通。There is a perception that extroverts are better at this.有一种观点认为,性格外向的人更能胜任此类工作。;You will be told that no one type is better than another and you should be spontaneous in answering the questions,; she told the B.;他们会告诉你,并非哪一种性格优于别的性格,你应该发自内心地回答这些问题。;她接受B采访时说。;But, in reality, they are not looking for introverts. Even if what you are doing is looking at figures all day. They want everyone in the environment to be perky and positive and upbeat at all times.;;但是,事实上,他们不喜欢性格内向的人。即使你要做的工作是整天看图表,他们也希望工作环境里的每个人整天都是活泼、积极、乐观的。; /201208/193425 云南昆明东川区自体脂肪移植丰胸哪家好禄劝彝族县妇幼保健人民中心医院美容中心

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