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军区昆明总医院祛除腋臭多少钱昆明玻尿酸隆鼻价钱Business商业Social media and job titles社交网站与职位A pixelated portrait of labour就业市场;高清;图LinkedIn offers a new way to look at employmentLinkedIn让你用全新的角度看待就业OFFICIAL statistics can tell you how many workers were jobless last month, how many had college degrees and how many worked in construction.官方统计数据能够告诉你上个月有多少人失业,多少个有大学文凭及多少人从事建筑业。But they cannot tell you how many know Hadoop, a software for managing data that is much in demand these days.但这些数据却无法告诉你有多少人会使用Hadoop这个如今需求量甚大的数据管理软件。LinkedIn, however, says it knows that, and much else gleaned from the profiles of its millions of members.然而,LinkedIn说它知道这些,还掌握许多从其数百万会员的注册信息收集而来的其它信息。The social-media website for professionals can tell you that one of the fastest-growing job titles in America is ;adjunct professor; (an ill-paid, overworked species of academic). One of the fastest-shrinking is ;sales associate; (see chart).这个专业人士的社交网站能告诉你,美国从业人数增长最快的一种职业是;兼职教授;(即薪水很低、超负荷工作的大学老师),从业人数减少得最快的职业之一是;销售人员;(见图表)。Researchers aly mine the internet for hints about disease outbreaks, the national mood or inflation.研究人员已经在网络上找寻关于疾病爆发、国民心态及通货膨胀的线索。LinkedIn thinks its data can do the same for the job market.LinkedIn认为其数据能在就业市场上派上同样的用场。It has more than 150m members worldwide, 60m of them in America.LinkedIn在全球拥有一亿五千万会员,其中六千万来自美国。That should be enough to draw accurate inferences about the entire American labour force.凭此应足以精确推断整个美国劳动力市场的情形。At the request of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, it calculated which industries and job titles were experiencing the biggest gains and losses.应白宫经济顾问委员会的要求,LinkedIn对哪些行业及职业的从业人数最多或最少进行了统计。Scott Nicholson, a ;data scientist; for the firm, says LinkedIn can potentially track such changes in real time, rather than the weeks or months government surveys take.该公司的一位;数据科学家; 斯科特?尼科尔森说,LinkedIn甚至可以实时追踪这些数据的变化,而不像政府调查那样要费时数周或数月。It can also follow occupations and industries, such as e-learning, that dont have their own category in government tallies.LinkedIn也可以追踪如在线学习这种政府记录中没有单列出来的职业与行业的数据。It can trace shifts between regions, sectors and occupations.它还能追踪不同地区、行业、职业之间的变化。Are people quitting law firms to become law professors, moving from Arizona to North Dakota, or what?人们是否辞去了律师事物所的工作去当法律教授了?是否从亚利桑那州搬到了北达科它州?还是其他状况?The firm hopes to be able to track the nations evolving skills base.该公司希望能够对美国人不断发展的技能水平进行追踪。Members routinely pick up new skills and add them to their profile.其会员平日会学习新的技能并将其添加至个人信息中。LinkedIn can see how often job-changers mention a particular skill, such as Hadoop.LinkedIn能够知道跳槽者提及某项技能(如操作Hadoop)的频率。Jeff Weiner, the firms boss, imagines that eventually every job opening and its requisite skills will be digitally searchable by every potential candidate, reducing the friction that lets millions of vacancies co-exist with high unemployment.公司老板杰夫?韦纳的设想是最终每位潜在的求职者都能在网上搜索到空缺的职位及其所需的技能,使社会能更加人尽其才,而不至于出现有数百万个空缺职位的同时却又失业率高企的局面。Such granularity could revolutionise economic research, says Erik Brynjolfsson of MIT.麻省理工学院的埃里克?布吕诺尔夫松说,这种; 分辨率;会为经济调查带来革命性的变化。But for consistency and longevity, you cant beat the government.但若论调查的连贯性和持久性,无人能胜过政府。As Mr Brynjolfsson notes, ;Web companies dont tend to have the same lifespan as the US Census Bureau.;正如埃里克?布吕诺尔夫松所说,;网络公司的寿命往往不可能和美国统计局一样长。; /201211/207125西双版纳州妇幼保健院光子脱毛手术多少钱 怒江楚雄迪庆去除川字纹手术多少钱

昆明韩辰激光去胎记多少钱Business.商业。Pfizer.辉瑞制药有限公司。Taking its medicine.自尝苦果。A drug giant coughs up to settle bribery charges.一个制药巨头被迫出钱就撤销行贿指控与司法部达成和解。IN AMERICA, it was once common for drug firms to offer doctors ;perks; to encourage them to prescribe their pills. Regulators now frown on such iffy sales techniques, and drug firms have more or less stopped using them. But in emerging markets, it is a different story, as a settlement on August 7th between Americas Department of Justice and Pfizer, a big American drug firm, made clear.在美国,制药公司给医生;回扣;鼓励他们开处方时使用该公司生产的药物曾是很常见的事。现在相关管理部门开始禁止这样不规范的销售技巧,因此一些制药公司也或多或少不再使用这种技巧。8月7日,美国大型制药公司辉瑞就海外贿赂行为与美国司法部达成了和解。此事正好表明新兴市场的情况与美国的有所不同。In China Pfizer established a ;club; that provided ;high-prescribing; doctors with all kinds of entertainment under the guise of attending conferences. In Kazakhstan Pfizer awarded an exclusive distribution deal to a local firm after it was told there was no other way to secure government approval for a Pfizer product.辉瑞公司在中国成立了一个;俱乐部;,该俱乐部以开会的名义邀请那些;开药量较大;的医生参加各种活动。辉瑞公司还与哈萨克斯坦一家当地公司签订了独家经销协议,因为此前辉瑞得知,除此之外没有其他的办法可以获得哈萨克斯坦政府对辉瑞制药的批准。Unfortunately for Pfizer, such acts violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), an American law that criminalises bribery abroad. Doctors in many of the countries in question are state employees, making the gifts bribes to government officials. This week Pfizer agreed to pay a fine to settle corruption charges and to disgorge related illegally earned profits to the Securities and Exchange Commission. The settlement, which will cost it m or so, covers similar offences committed by Wyeth, another drug firm, before it was acquired by Pfizer in .不幸的是,辉瑞的这些行为违反了美国专门用来定罪海外行贿的《反海外腐败法》(FCPA)。受到质疑的多国医生都是国家机关的工作人员,于是这些礼物也就成了贿赂政府官员的赃物。本周,辉瑞公司为了了结腐败指控同意付罚款,并愿意向美国券交易委员会上缴相关非法所得利润。辉瑞公司进行此次和解将需要花费六千万美元左右,这笔费用还包括了对惠氏公司贿赂行为的罚款。惠氏制药公司于年被辉瑞公司收购,此前它也曾涉嫌海外贿赂。Johnson amp; Johnson, another big drugmaker, paid m last year to settle civil and criminal bribery charges. On August 6th Teva, an Israeli firm that is the worlds largest generic drugmaker, said it was co-operating with SEC investigators. Indeed, eight of the worlds ten biggest drug firms have warned of potential costs related to charges of corruption in markets abroad, according to Reuters. So Pfizers behaviour seems to have been normal for the industry, not an aberration.去年,另一家大型制药公司强生因民事和刑事行贿受到指控,并为达成和解花费了七千万美元。今年8月6日,世界上最大的学名药(通用名药)生产公司以色列梯瓦制药工业有限公司称,它正在协助美国券交易委员会调查员的调查工作。据路透社报道,事实上,世界上十大制药公司中有八家公司都在警惕因受控海外贪污可能造成的潜在开。所以这样看来,辉瑞公司的行为在这个行业里并非异常。Citing the settlement, regulators will crow that the FCPA is being enforced more vigorously than at any time since it became law in 1977. They will also hope that it is evidence that their new carrot-and-stick approach is starting to work. Most successful prosecutions in the past have been the result of whistle-blowing or a lucky break; regulators have long suspected that many companies have publicly supported the law while privately turning a blind eye to dodgy activities abroad, doubtless assuming that they would never be caught. The new approach is designed to encourage companies to police themselves, by punishing them only lightly when they turn themselves in.相关管理人员拿此次和解做文章,自鸣得意地称这是自1977年《反海外腐败法》(FCPA)颁布以来实施最有力的一次。同时,他们还希望此次事件能明他们采取的软硬兼施的措施已经开始生效。以往一些控诉成功的案件不是有人揭发就是运气使然,监管者一直怀疑许多公司虽然在公开场合坚决拥护法律,但私底下却对那些海外不法行为视而不见,还相信自己永远不会被绳之以法。现在新的监管方法目的在于鼓励那些公司进行自我监督,并对他们采取坦白从宽的政策。The relatively small fine imposed on Pfizer was the Justice Departments way of showing that firms that co-operate will be treated leniently, says Ben Heineman of Harvards Kennedy School of Government. Pfizer has gone out of its way to placate prosecutors: it has been co-operating on the case since 2004, helping to identify illegal practices throughout its industry. It also oversaw the process that uncovered the misbehaviour at Wyeth.哈佛肯尼迪政治学院的Ben Heineman称,此次美国司法部门对辉瑞公司罚款力度相对较轻就是为了表明会对那些协助调查的公司宽大处理。辉瑞公司早就开始煞费苦心地讨好检察官:从2004年起辉瑞就开始协助调查员调查此案,帮助其调查全行业的非法行为。辉瑞还监督了一项揭发惠氏不法行为的调查。The regulators have accepted Pfizers claim that the offences were committed by local staff acting without the knowledge of head office in America. This follows Aprils decision by the SEC to charge a senior executive at Morgan Stanley, a bank, with corrupt activity in Shanghai, but not to impose legal penalties on the bank, which tipped off regulators about its rogue employee. A few more examples of such regulatory forbearance and perhaps business will get the message.辉瑞公司称,这些不法行为都是当地一些员工在美国总公司不知情的情况下做出的,监管者也接受了这一说法。在此前的四月,美国券交易委员会控告根史坦利投资的一位高管在上海涉嫌贪污。但由于该主动向监管者揭发了员工的不法行为,因此美国券交易委员会并未对该做出处罚。或许这样宽恕处理的例子再多一些,企业就能更好地领会监管者的意图了。201208/195671德宏州人民中医院丰胸多少钱 昆明市西山区自体脂肪移植隆胸价格

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